Poisoning/ODs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Poisoning/ODs Deck (34)
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1

Acetaminophen

N-Acetylcysteine

2

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

3

Beta blockers

Glucagon, insulin and dextrose, calcium

4

Carbon monoxide

100% Oxygen (hyperbaric if severe)

5

Cholinesterase inhibitors (organophosphates)

Atropine, pralidoxime

6

Copper

Penicillamine

7

Digoxin

Normalize potassium and electrolytes
Digoxin antibodies

8

Iron

Deferoxamine

9

Lead

Edetate (EDTA), dimercaprol (severe >70 in children)
Succimer in adults? (and mild/moderate in children)

10

Methanol or ethylene glycol

Fomepizole, ethanol
Dialysis

11

Anticholinergics (Atropine)

Physostigmine

12

Opioids

Naloxone, Naltrexone

13

Quinidine

Sodium bicarbonate (cardioprotective)

14

Gold

Penicillamine

15

TCAs

Sodium bicarbonate (cardioprotective)
Benzos (seizures)

16

Aspirin

Sodium bicarbonate
Charcoal, dialysis

17

Lithium

Hemodialysis

18

CCBs

Glucagon, insulin and dextrose, calcium

19

Cocaine

Supportive
Benzos, alpha blockers for symptoms

20

Cyanide

Sodium thiosulfate
Hydroxocobalamin, nitrates

21

Heparin

Protamine sulfate

22

Isoniazid

Vitamin B6

23

Isopropyl alcohol

Supportive care

24

Sulfonylureas

Dextrose
Octreotide

25

Warfarin

FFP (quick acting)
Vitamin K (slow acting)

26

Caustic agents (acids, alkali)

Copious irrigation
NO induced vomiting, NG tube, neutralizing agents

27

Mercury

Dimercaprol

28

Thephylline

Supportive care
Benzos (seizures)
Charcoal, dialysis

29

Arsenic

Dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

30

TPA/streptokinase

Aminocaproic acid