practical #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in practical #2 Deck (54):
1

pulse

rhythmic pressure oscillation that accompanies each heartbeat

2

where is the common carotid pulse

over common carotid artery

3

where is the radial pulse

on your wrist below your thumb

4

pulse pressure

the change in pressure from the diastolic level to systolic pressure

5

diastolic pressure

minimum blood pressure at the end of ventricular diastole

6

systolic pressure

peak blood pressure measured during ventricular systole

7

sounds of korotkoff

sounds that can be heard when taking blood pressure measurements with a sphygmomanometer

8

formulas for PP

systolic pressure – diastolic pressure

9

formula for MAP

diastolic + pulse pressure/3

10

what we used to measure blood pressure

sphygmomanometer

11

outermost tunics

tunica externa

12

composed of endothelium

tunica intima

13

contains smooth muscle and elastic tissue

tunica media

14

allows for dilation and constriction

tunica media

15

innermost tunic

tunica intima

16

two arteries formed by the division of the brachiocephalic trunk

subclavian artery and common carotid artery

17

first artery that branches off the ascending aorta, serves the heart

coronary artery

18

two paired arteries serving the brain

vertebral artery and internal carotid artery

19

largest artery of the body

aorta

20

artery that serves the adrenal gland

suprarenal artery

21

artery that serves the thigh

femoral artery

22

major artery serving the arm and generally used to determine blood pressure

brachial artery

23

artery that supplies the last half of the large intestine

inferior mesenteric artery

24

artery that serves the pelvis

internal iliac artery

25

artery that serves the spleen

splenic artery

26

artery that supplies the small intestine and proximal large intestine

superior mesenteric artery

27

terminal branches of the descending aorta

common iliac artery

28

arterial trunk that has three major branches that supply the liver, spleen, and stomach

celiac trunk

29

major artery serving the external structures of the skull

external carotid artery

30

artery serving the kidney

renal artery

31

first vessel to branch from the aortic arch

brachiocephalic artery

32

arteries that supply the upper limbs

axillary artery

33

artery that supplies the liver

hepatic artery

34

artery that supplies the stomach and lower esophagus

gastric artery

35

deep veins that drain the forearm

radial vein

36

vein that receives blood from the arm via the subclavian vein

brachiocephalic vain

37

vein that drains the kidney

renal vein

38

vein that drains the dural sinuses of the brain

internal jugular vein

39

drains the spleen

splenic vein

40

large veins that carries nutrient rich blood from the digestion organs to the liver for processing

hepatic partal vein

41

vein that connects the femoral vein to the common iliac vein

external iliac vein

42

drains the stomach walls

gastric vein

43

largest vein below the thorax

inferior vena cava

44

veins that form/drain into the hepatic portal vein

gastric vein, splenic vein, and superior mesenteric vein

45

longest superficial vein in the body

greatest saphenous vein

46

large veins in the arm draining into the axillary vein

brachial vein

47

drains blood from the pelvis

internal iliac vein

48

short vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper half of the body to the right atrium

superior vena cava

49

empties into the splenic vein from the descending and sigmoid colon and upper rectum

inferior mesenteric vein

50

the internal and external iliac veins combine to form

common iliac vein

51

the smallest saphenous and the popliteal veins join to become

femoral vein

52

vein that drains the liver

hepatic vein

53

drain that runs deep to the clavicle

subclavian vein

54

large superficial vein that drains the upper arm

cephalic vein