Pregnancy, Childbirth Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pregnancy, Childbirth Deck (30):
1

Only a few hundred sperm that enter the vagina reach the egg, and only one can fertilize it. Within seconds of fertilization, the surface of the egg changes so that no more sperm can enter the egg

Fertilization

2

The United egg and sperm is called a zygote . Within 36 hours, while the zygote is traveling through the Fallopian tube begins to divide

The zygote

3

The original cell divided to make 2 cells. From this stage until about 9 weeks, the growing structure is called an embryo. The two-called embryo divides into 4 cells and so on.

Cell division

4

About 5 days after fertilization, the embryo reaches the uterus, where it floats free for a few days. By this time' it is made up of about 59 to 100 cells. The structure is no longer a solid mass of cells, but sheer of cells surrounding a hollow center

The Blastocyst

5

Once the blastocyst forms, it begins to attach itself to wall of the uterus

Implantation

6

Fluid-filled bag of this tissue that develops around the embryo. The embryo floats in amniotic fluid

Amniotic soc

7

Attachment holding the embryo to the wall of the uterus. Oxygen and nutrients are passed from the mothers blood to the embryo through the placenta

Placenta

8

"Embryos lifeline" after 25 days of fertilization*carries nutrients and oxygen through the blood vessels

Umbilical cord

9

How many more calories does the women have to consume

300 more calories

10

Why avoid alcohol, other drugs

Can bring harm or damage to the baby, decreas ether chance to life, or life problems

11

6 important nutrients

Folic acid
Protein
Calcium
Iron
Vitamin A
Vitamin B complex

12

Folic acid

Formation of neural tube, brain, and spinal cord development

13

Protein

Muscle formation and growth

14

Calcium

Bone and tooth formation, nerve and muscle development

15

Iron

Oxygen delivery by blood cells

16

Vitamin A

Call and bone growth, eye development

17

Vitamin B

Nervous system development

18

The blastocyst implants in the Fallopian tube or elsewhere in the abdomen instead of the uterus

Ectopic pregnancy

19

Death of an embryo or fetus within the 20 weeks of pregnancy

Miscarriage

20

(Toxemia) *high blood pressure* swelling of the wrists and ankles, and high level of protein in the urine

Preeclampsia

21

Work preformed by mothers body to push the fetus out(2-24hrs)

Labor

22

Contractions of the uterus continue and the baby is pushed out(30min-24hrs)

Delivery of the baby

23

Contractions of the uterus push out the placenta, also called the afterbirth(15-30min)

Delivery of afterbirth

24

A cesarean section (c-section) in which the doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen into the uterus. Then the doctor removes the baby and placenta

Surgical delivery

25

Delivery of a baby before the 37th week of pregnancy, before fully developed

Premature birth

26

A baby that weighs less than 5.5 pounds. Baby is not fully developed

Low birthweight

27

Emotions during the Postpartum period

Hormonal change and fatigue

28

18 months

Nurse, cry, direct gaze upon you, not smile until 1 month, organs and systems not fully developed, and bones are still flexible

29

18months-3years

Talking, loose 'baby like' appearances, appetite decreases as growth slows, and coordination

30

3-6years

Loose traces of babyhood, independent and active, muscle grow, high energy, curiosity, play/make friends, developing the sense of right and wrong