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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (33):
1

Heredity

All the traits that are passed from parent to child

2

Enviornment

All of the physical and social conditions that surround a person and can influence that person’s health.

3

Blackout

A period of time that an intoxicated person cannot recall.

4

Addiction

The state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug.

5

Abstinence

The act of refraining from, or not having, sex.

6

Overdose

The consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to coma or death.

7

Binge drinking

The consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol at one sitting.

8

Intoxication

The state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.

9

Cirrosis

A disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue; cirrhosis may lead to liver failure.

10

Carcinogen

A substance that is known to cause cancer.

11

Mainstream smoke

Smoke that is exhaled from a smoker's lungs.

12

Side stream smoke

Smoke that goes directly into the air from a burning tobacco product.

13

Drug abuse

The intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug

14

Inhalant

A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.

15

Hallucinogen

A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.

16

Testosterone

The sex hormone that affects the production of sperm and signals certain physical changes at puberty.

17

Infertility

The condition of being unable to reproduce.

18

Semen

The mixture of sperm and fluids produced by the glands of the male reproductive system.

19

Sperm

The reproductive cells in males.

20

Fertilization

The process of a sperm cell joining with an egg.

21

Implantation

The process in which the blastocyst attaches itself to the wall of the uterus.

22

Menstruation (Menstrual cycle)

The process during which an ovary releases a mature egg that travels to the uterus; if the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed and a new cycle begins.

23

Menopause

The time of life during which the ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs.

24

Ovulation

The process during which one of the ovaries releases a ripened egg.

25

Estrogen

The female sex hormone that signals certain physical changes at puberty and controls the maturation of eggs.

26

Gene

A section of a chromosome that determines or affects a characteristic, or trait.

27

Testes

The male reproductive glands.

28

C-section

A surgical method of birth.

29

Placenta

The structure that holds the embryo to the wall of the uterus.

30

Fetus

The stage of human development from the third month after fertilization until birth.

31

STI(sexually transmitted infection)

An infection caused by any pathogen that spreads from one person to another during sexual contact.

32

HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus, an incurable sexually transmitted infection that can lead to AIDS.

33

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, an often fatal disease of the immune system caused by HIV infection.