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Flashcards in Reproduction And Heredity Deck (41):
1

Secrete chemicals through ducts to outside of body(External)

Exocrine

2

Secrete hormones directly into blood stream(no ducts to exit) that signal changes in other parts of the body(Internal)

Endocrine

3

Chemical substance, or message, released by an endocrine gland that has a specific function in the body

Hormone

4

Period of sexual development during which a person becomes sexually mature and physically able to reproduce

Puberty

5

How dose Puberty start?

1produce Sex Hormones
2.Produce/Store sperm
3.Deliver sperm to female reproductive system

6

Sexual organ through which sperm leave the body. The tip is covered with with loose skin, called the foreskin. Foreskin removal=Circumcision

Penis

7

Male reproductive glands (2functions=production of Testosterone and sperm)

Testes

8

Reproductive sells(male)

Sperm

9

Sperm cell joins with an egg

Fertilization

10

Semen

Mixture of sperm cells and fluids

11

Ejaculation

Ejection of semen from the penis

12

Female reproductive system

1.Produce Sex Hormones
2. Produce Eggs
3. Provide a nourishing environment in which a fertilization egg can develop into a baby

13

Reproductive cells/eggs(in females)

Ova

14

Reproductive glands in which eggs are produced (2 Functions=produce hormones estrogen and progesterone and release mature egg sells)

Ovaries

15

Activities certain physical changes at puberty

Estrogen

16

Activities changes to a woman's reproductive system before and during pregnancy

Progesterone

17

One of the ovaries releases a ripened egg about once every month

Ovulation

18

Passages that carry eggs away from ovaries

Fallopian Tubes

19

Hollow, muscular organ where egg can grow and develop

Uterus

20

Hollow, muscular passage leading from the uterus to the outside of the body

Vagina

21

Process by which a female produces one mature egg each month

Menstrual Cycle

22

On average, Menstrual Cycles usually last about_______days

28

23

Factors affecting menstrual cycle

1. Diet
2. Stress
3. Exercise
4. Weight gain/loss

24

Ovaries slow down hormone production and no longer release eggs

Menopause

25

Daily washing

Cleanliness

26

Eliminate infections, diseases, etc. until God approves

Sexual Abstinence

27

Learn how to monitor for medical problems

Self exams

28

Yearly check-ups should be done by a professional

Medical Check-ups

29

Endocrine System

Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thymus gland, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes

30

Filled in blanks

Self abuse, blinded, sin, destroying, brain

31

Causes of self 'pleasure'

Brain weekend, head decay, insanity, memory loss, liver/kidney damage, headache

32

Hypothalamus

Links nervous system, endocrine system, and controls some pituitary gland functions

33

Pituitary gland

Controls other endocrine glands...

34

Thymus gland

Hormones released by the thymus gland

35

Adrenal glands

Triggers the body to respond in sudden stress

36

Thyroid gland

Regulates overall metabolic rate and controls calcium

37

Parathyroid glands

4 parathyroid glands regulate calcium and phosphorus(tooth formation)

38

Pancreas

Behind the stomach, controls sugar levels in the blood

39

Ovaries

He male reproductive glands(egg maturation and control)

40

Testes

Male reproductive glands (regulates sperm production)

41

Sperm Pathway>travels through the vas deferents to seminal vesicles>Produced in the testes/mature-stored in epididymis>prostates gland protects the sperm with fluid>seminal vesicles add fluids produce energy for the sperm>bulbourethral glands fluid protecting the perm from the urethra

>1Produced in the testes/mature-stored in epididymis>2travels through the vas deferents to seminal vesicles>3seminal vesicles add fluids produce energy for the sperm>4prostates gland protects the sperm with fluid>5bulbourethral glands fluid protecting the perm from the urethra