Prepositions (a, de, con, en, none) Flashcards Preview

Spanish > Prepositions (a, de, con, en, none) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prepositions (a, de, con, en, none) Deck (187):
1

abstenerse...

de (to abstain from: origin, separation, departure)

2

alejarse...

de (to get away from: origin, separation, departure)

3

deshacerse...

de (to get rid of: origin, separation, departure)

4

divorciarse...

de (to divorce: origin, separation, departure)

5

huir...

de (to flee from: origin, separation, departure)

6

partir...

de (to depart from: origin, separation, departure)

7

prescindir...

de (to do without: origin, separation, departure)

8

salir...

de (to get out from: origin, separation, departure)

9

separarse...

de (to get away from: origin, separation, departure)

10

ser...

de (to be from: origin, separation, departure)

11

surgir...

de (to come from: origin, separation, departure)

12

venir...

de (to come from: origin, separation, departure)

13

possession or belonging

de

14

bebedor de café

coffee drinker (adj. phrase)

15

casa de campo

country house (adj. phrase)

16

cuentos de hadas

fairy tales (adj. phrase)

17

mesa de cristal

glass table (adj. phrase)

18

reloj de oro

gold watch (adj. phrase)

19

techo de tejas

tile roof (adj. phrase)

20

vestido de seda

silk dress (adj. phrase)

21

vida de ciudad

city life (adj. phrase)

22

hombre de la barba roja

man with the red beard (description / identification: with / in)

23

joven del uniforme blanco

young man in the white uniform (description / identification: with / in)

24

hombre de la tienda

man at the store (description / identification: with / in)

25

...balde

de (for free: expresses manner)

26

...buena (mala) gana

de (willingly / (unwillingly): expresses manner)

27

...buena (mala) fe

de (in good / bad faith: expresses manner)

28

...memoria

de (by heart: expresses manner)

29

...pie

de (standing: expresses manner)

30

...puntillas

de (on tiptoe: expresses manner)

31

...reojo

de (out of the corner of one's eye: expresses manner)

32

...repente

de (suddenly: expresses manner)

33

...rodillas

de (on one's knees: expresses manner)

34

el mantel es de me madre

tablecloth is my mother's (possession / belonging)

35

un hombre de mundo

a man of the world (possession / belonging)

36

una muchacha de campo

a girl from the country (country girl) (possession / belonging)

37

problemas de actualidad

present-day problems (possession/ belonging)

38

país mas grande de la América del Sur

biggest country in South America (possession / belonging)

39

culpar...

de (to blame for: expresses cause)

40

morir(se)...

de (to die of: expresses cause)

41

ofenderse...

de (to be offended at: expresses cause)

42

padecer...

de (to suffer from: expresses cause)

43

sufrir...

de (to suffer from: expresses cause)

44

quejarse...

de (to complain about: expresses cause)

45

reírse...

de (to laugh at: expresses cause)

46

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de aburrimiento

to be dying of boredom (figurative)

47

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de cansancio

to be dead tired (figurative)

48

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de calor

to be extremely hot (figurative)

49

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de dolor

to be in great pain (figurative)

50

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de hambre

to be dying of hunger / starving (figurative)

51

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de frío

to be dying of cold / freezing (figurative)

52

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de miedo

to be dying of fright / half dead with fright (figurative)

53

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de risa

to be die laughing / to crack up (figurative)

54

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de sed

to be dying of thirst / extremely thirsty (figurative)

55

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de sueño

to be extremely sleepy (figurative)

56

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de tristeza

to be extremely sad (figurative)

57

morirse de / estar muerto(a) de vergüenza

to be dying of embarrassment / shame (figurative)

58

estar aburrido/cansado de esperar

to be bored from/tired of waiting (indicate cause)

59

estar amarillo de envidia

to be green with envy (indicate cause)

60

estar morado de frío

to be blue with the cold (indicate cause)

61

estar pálido de miedo

to be pale with fear (indicate cause)

62

estar rojo de ira

to be red with anger (indicate cause)

63

alegrarse...

de (to be glad for: emotion, mental states, attitude)

64

arrepentirse...

de (to regret: emotion, mental states, attitude)

65

asombrarse...

de (to be astonished at: emotion, mental states, attitude)

66

asustarse...

de (to be scared of: emotion, mental states, attitude)

67

avergonzarse...

de (to be ashamed of: emotion, mental states, attitudes)

68

cansarse...

de (to get tired of: emotion, mental states, attitudes)

69

compadecerse...

de (to feel sorry for: emotion, mental states, attitude)

70

extrañarse...

de (to be surprised at: emotion, mental states, attitude)

71

sorprenderse...

de (to be surprised at: emotion, mental states, attitude)

72

abusar...

de (to abuse, misuse; to impose on)

73

acordarse...

de...(noun) (to remember)

74

agarrarse...

de (a) (to seize, clutch)

75

burlarse...

de (to make fun of)

76

cambiar...

de (to change)

77

carecer...

de (to lack)

78

cesar...

de (infinitive) (to cease to)

79

componerse...

de (to consist of)

80

constar...

de (to consist of)

81

darse cuenta...

de (to realize)

82

dejar...

de (infinitive) (to cease to, stop)

83

depender...

de (to depend on)

84

despedierse...

de (to say good-bye to)

85

disfrutar...

de (to enjoy)

86

encargarse...

de (noun or inf) (to take charge / care of)

87

enterarse...

de (to hear, find out about)

88

jactarse...

de (noun or inf) (to boast about)

89

llenar...

de (to fill with)

90

no dejar...

de (inf) (not to fail to)

91

olvidarse...

de (noun or inf) (to forget)

92

protestar...

de (to protest)

93

quejarse...

de (to complain about)

94

servir...

de (to serve as)

95

sospechar...

de (to suspect)

96

vestirse...

de (to be (get) dressed as, dressed in)

97

fui con Josefina a un baile

I went with Josefina to a dance (accompaniment, physical / figurative)

98

con las manos

with one's hands (instrumentality)

99

con pluma

with a pen (instrumentality)

100

con una herramienta especial

with a special tool (instrumentality)

101

trabajar con cuidado y con prisa

work carefully and in a hurry (adv. expression of manner)

102

hablaba con vacilación y con acento extranjero

spoke hesitantly and with a foreign accent (adv. expression of manner)

103

acabar...

con (to put an end to, finish off) + noun / pronoun

104

casarse...

con (to marry)+ noun / pronoun

105

comparar(se)...

con (to compare (oneself) to)+ noun / pronoun

106

comprometerse...

con (to get engaged to)+ noun / pronoun

107

contar...

con (to rely on, count on)+ noun / pronoun

108

contribuir... (dinero, etc.)

con (to contribute...money etc.) + noun / pronoun

109

encariñarse...

con (to get attached to)+ noun / pronoun

110

enojarse...

con (to get angry at) + person

111

soñar...

con (to dream of)

112

tropezar...

con (to stumble over, run accoss) + noun / pronoun

113

En julio...

In July...: location in time / space (physical / figurative)

114

Liliana dejó la copa en la mesa y sentó en la sofa

Liliana left the glass on the table and sat on the sofa: location in time / space (physical / figurative)

115

Mi amigo, que en paz descanse, murió en la miseria.

My friend, may he rest in peace, died in dire poverty. (location in time / space (physical / figurative)

116

Está metido en el tráfico de drogas y terminará en la cárcel.

He is involved en drug dealing and will end up in jail. (location in time / space (physical / figurative)

117

Mi tío es doctor en medicina, especialista en enfermedades de la piel y experto en cáncer de la piel.

My uncle is a medical doctor, a specialist in skin diseases, and an expert on skin cancer. (specialty, expertise, degree)

118

Celestina era muy sabia en asuntos de amor.

Celestina was very wise in matters of love.

119

Julia tiene miedo de viajar en avión, prefiere ir en barco.

Julia is afraid of traveling by plane; she prefers to go by boat. (manner or means)

120

A muchos les gustan los libros de español escritos en inglés.

Many people like Spanish books written in English. (manner or means)

121

Entraron en silencio en la funeraria.

They entered the funeral parlor silently. (manner or means)

122

Muchos dicen en broma lo que no se atreven a decir en serio.

Many people say in jest what they don't dare to say seriously. (manner or means)

123

apoyarse...

en (to lean on, upon)

124

confiar...

en (to trust, confide in)

125

convertirse...

en (to turn into)

126

empeñarse...

en (to insist on)

127

insistir...

en (to insist on)

128

entrar...

a / en (to enter)

129

fijarse...

en (to notice)

130

influir...

en (to influence)

131

ingresar... (una sociedad, etc)

en (to join (an association, etc.)

132

molestarse...

en (to take the trouble to)

133

pensar...

en (to think of) (to have and opinion about)

134

quedar...

en (to agree to, decide on)

135

tardar + period of time + ...

en (to take (person or vehicle + period of time + to)

136

vacilar...

en (to hesitate to)

137

acusar...

none (to tell on)

138

aprobar...

none (to approve of)

139

buscar...

none (to look for)

140

conseguir...

none (to succeed in)

141

esperar...

none (to wait for)

142

impedir...

none (to prevent from)

143

lograr...

none (to succeed in)

144

pagar...

none (to pay for)

145

presidir...

none (to preside over)

146

querer...

none (to care for, feel affection for)

147

"A" before the direct object

"a" precedes the direct object when it is a definite person or personified thing. (alguien, nadie, and quien are ususally preceded by "a") Not with an inanimate, non-personified obj, or indefinite person, or group of people where individuals are de-emphasized.

148

La mujer acusó ... su marido de haberle pegado.

a: The woman accused her husband of having hit her. (precedes direct obj when specific person)

149

El niño besó ... su madre y abrazó ... su tía.

a: The little boy kissed his mother and hugged his aunt. (precedes direct obj when specific person)

150

...quién viste? No vi ... nadie.

a: Whom did you see? I saw no one. (precedes direct obj when specific person)

151

Todos debemos defender ... nuestra patria.

a: We all should defend our homeland. (precedes direct obj when specific person...in this case personified thing)

152

Brasil (el equipo de Brasil) venció ... México (al equipo de México) en el campeonato de fútbol.

a: Brasil (Brasil's team) defeated Mexico (Mexico's team) in the soccer championship. (precedes the direct obj when a specific person...or personified thing)

153

"A" with tener

"a" is omitted after the verb tener when used to express possession: when tener = to hold, or tener = to be, "a" is used before definite animate direct objs

154

La madre tenía ... su bebé en los brazos.

a: The mother was holding her baby in her arms. (tener = to hold, "a" precedes direct obj)

155

Tenemos ... nuestro padre en el hospital.

a: Our father is in the hospital. (tener = to be, "a" precedes the direct obj)

156

La vaca lamía ... su ternerito.

a: The cow was licking her calf. (personified direct obj, precede by "a".

157

Las ratas transportan ... sus crías con la boca.

a: Rats transport their offspring with their mouths. (personified direct obj, precede by "a". )

158

Cientos de hormigas atacaron ...el pobre gusano.

a (al): Hundreds of ants attacked the poor caterpillar. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

159

La araña atrapó ... la mosca en su tela.

a: The spider trapped the fly in its web. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

160

El chico slavó ... la abeja de morir ahogada.

a: The boy saved the bee from drowning. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

161

Carlos ensartó ... la pobre mariposa con un alfiler grande.

a: Carlos skewered the poor butterfly with a large pin. (personified direct obj, precede by "a")

162

"A" and the indirect obj.

"a" precedes the indirect obj.

163

... mi tío Pascual ... encantaban las películas de ciencia ficción, y cuando murió, ... dejó su dinero a una compañía de películas en vez de dejármelo a mí.

a, le, le: My uncle Pascual loved science-fiction movies and when he died, he left his money to a movie company instead of leaving it to me. ("a" precedes the indirect obj)

164

to buy, to borrow, to rob (steal), to take away

the person or entity from whom the subject borrows, buys, etc. is the indirect object and the verb is followed by "a" where from would be used in English

165

El joven ... pedió prestados unos pesos ... su amigo para comprar... flores ... la viejecita.

le, a, le, a: The young man borrowed a few pesos from his friend to buy flowers from the old lady. (to buy, to borrow, to rob (steal), to take away), use "a" in the place of "from" after the verb

166

"A" with teaching/learning process

"a" follows verbs that refer to a teaching-learning process, also after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.

167

aprender...

a: to learn ("a" follows the teaching-learning process)

168

convidar...

a: to invite ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

169

invitar...

a: to invite ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

170

consagrarse...

a: to establish oneself as, dedicate oneself to ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

171

dedicarse...

a: dedicate oneself to ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

172

enseñar...

a: to teach ("a" follows the teaching-learning process)

173

forzar...

a: to force ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

174

obligar...

a: to force ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

175

impulsar...

a: to propel ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

176

incitar...

a: to incite or encourage ( "a" comes after verbs that express the subject's intention to engage in some activity or to have someone else do so.)

177

"A" and verbs of motion

"a" follows verbs that express motion, physical or figurative, also after verbs of beginning

178

acercarse...

a: get close, approach (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

179

arrojarse...

a: to throw, fling, hurl yourself (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

180

lanzarse...

a: to pounce on, leap on(follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

181

bajar...

a: to go/come down, descend (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

182

caer...

a: to fall / collapse (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

183

comenzar...

a: begin, start, commence (used after verbs of beginning)

184

empezar...

a: begin, start, commence (used after verbs of beginning)

185

echarse...

a: to lie down (used after verbs of beginning)

186

ir(se)...

a: to leave, quit, depart, go away (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)

187

llegar...

a: to arrive at (follows verbs that express motion, physical / figurative)