Subjunctive Adjective Clauses (also ch. 5 in general) Flashcards Preview

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Subjunctive in Relative Clauses (Adjective Clauses)

modify nouns as and adjective would. They are most commonly introduced by the relative pronoun que. Relative clauses take either the indicative or the subjunctive according to specific criteria.


Subjunctive is used in relative clauses introduced by que when the antecedent is hypothetical, nonexistent, or unknown to the speaker.

Quiero comprar un automóvil que consuma poca gasolina. I want to buy a car that uses little gas. (The speaker is not referring to any specific car.)


No encontrarás aquí a nadie que esté de acuerdo contigo.

you won't find anyone here who agrees with you. (The speaker is denying the existence of the person.)


Hay alguien en esta clase que haya estado en el Perú?

Is there anyone in this class who has been to Peru? (The speaker does not know whether the person exists)


Tengo un automóvil que consume poca gasolina.

I have a car that uses little gas.


Te equivocas, aquí hay varias personas que están de acuerdo conmigo.

You are wrong; there are several persons here who agree with me.


En esta clase hay dos estudiantes que han estado en el Perú.

There are two students in this class who have been to Peru.


When the verb in the relative clause expresses an action or state that refers to the future or whose outcome is not known to the speaker, the subj. is used.

Él hará lo que le digas. He will do what you tell him (to do). (you haven't given him any orders yet.)


Le pediré dinero al primer amigo que me encuentre.

I will ask for money from the first friend (whoever he may be) that I run into.


Juan David esaba dispuesto a pagar lo que le pideiran por los cigarillos.

Juan David was willing to pay whatever price they asked for the cigarettes. (They hadn't told him the price yet.)


Coma todo el pollo que quiera por cinco dólares.

Eat all the chicken you want for five dollars. (The amount of chicken the person may want is unknown to the speaker.)


Él hizo lo que le dijiste.

He did what you told him to do.


Le pedí dinero al primer amigo que me encontré.

I asked for money from the first friend I ran into.


Juan David siempre está dispuesto a pagar lo que le piden por los cigarillos.

Juan David is always willing to pay what they ask for the cigarettes. (a customary action)


Comió todo el pollo que quiso por cinco dólares.

He ate all the chicken he wanted for five dollars.


Indeterminate expressions take the subj. when they refer to a hypothesis or possibility; they take the indicative if the user makes a statement of fact or reality.

cualquiera que, cualquier + noun + que, comoquiera que, dondequiera que


Cualquiera que nos ayude será recompensado.

Anyone who may help us will be rewarded.


Él comerá cualquier comida que le sirvan.

He will eat whatever good they may serve him.


Dondequiera que Ud. vaya encontrará pobreza.

Wherever you may go, you will find poverty.


Comoquiera que lo haga, lo hará bien.

however he may do it, he will do it well.


Cualquiera que nos ayudara era recompensado.

Anyone who helped us was rewarded.


Él siempre come culaquier comida que le sirven.

He always eats whatever food they serve him.


Dondequiera que fui, encontré pobreza.

Wherever I went, I found poverty.


Comoquiera que lo hace, lo hace bien.

However he does it, he does it well.


Some proportionate comparisons use the first verb in the subj. when the speaker is referring to what is hypothetical or future; otherwise, the indicative is used.

Mientras más estudien, más aprenderán. the more they study the more they will learn


Mientras menos comas, más adelgazarás.

The less you eat, the more weight you will lose.


Mientras menos se toque Ud. la herida, mejor.

The less you touch your wound, the better.


Meintras más cerezas comas, más querrás comer.

The more cherries you eat, the more you will want to eat.


Meintras más estudian, más aprenden.

The more they study, the more they learn.


Por supuesto, mientras menos comía, más adelgazaba.

Of course, the less I ate, the more weight I lost.