Flashcards in Preterite and Imperfect Deck (61)
Used to express past actions that happened and ended quickly
Águeda (salir) al balcón para ver la plaza.
El abogado le (preguntar) a Águeda se l e gustaría que él formase parte de su familía.
El abogado (pedir) la mano de Luisa.
Can be used regardless of the length of time involved or the number of times the action was performed so long as the event or series of events is viewed as a complete unit by the speaker.
Te (esperar) media hora.
Águeda (pasar) la noche llorando.
(Leer) to carta tres veces.
Refers to the beginning or ending of an action.
Apenas (llegar) la visita, (servir) los tragos.
Preterite (llegó) (sirvieron)
La reunión (terminar) a las cinco.
Is the past descriptive tense.
Takes us back to the past to witness an action or state as if it were happening before our eyes. The action or state is not viewed as a whole unit and its beginning and termination are not present in the mind of the speaker.
When are the imperfect and preterite used in the same sentence?
In these cases, the imperfect serves as the background or stage in which the action or actions reported by the preterite took place or it expresses an action in progress at the time something else happened.
(Ser) tarde y (hacer) frío cuando (llegar) a Chicago.
Imperfect (Era), Preterite (llegamos)
Loli (chatear) por Internet cuando su madre (entrar) en su cuarto.
Imperfect (chateaba), Preterite (entró)
Is the Spanish equivalent of the English past progressive (was, were + -ing) to tell what was happening at a certain time.
(Hablar) mientras ella (escribir)
Imperfect (Hablábamos) (escribía) We were talking while she was writing.
Qué (hacer) en la cocina?
Imperfect (hacías). What were you doing in the kitchen.
(Fregar) los platos.
Imperfect (Fregaba). I was washing the dishes.
Expresses repeated or customary past actions, as the equivalent of "used to, would + verb".
(Ir) a la playa con frecuencia en esa época.
Imperfect (Íbamos). We would go to the beach often then.
Rosita nos (mandarse) correos electrónicos todos los días.
Imperfect (mandaba). Rosita used to send emails every day.
Describes and characterizes the past.
La muchacha (llamarse) Águeda, (ser) rubia y (tener) un hombro más alto que el otro.
Imperfect (se llamaba) (era) (tenía). The girl's name was Águeda, she was blonde, and one of her shoulders was higher than the other.
El cuarto (estar) oscuro y silencioso y (oliar) a rosas.
Imperfect (estaba) (olía). The room was dark and quiet and it smelled of roses.
"There was, there were" have a descriptive character and are used in the______ generally.
Imperfect. "Hubo" means in most cases "happened"or "took place".
(Hacer) sólo tres casas en esa cuadra.
Imperfect (Había). There were only three houses on that block.
(Haber) tres fiestas en esa cuadra anoche.
There were three parties on that block last night.