Subjunctive Noun Clauses (also ch.4 in general) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Subjunctive Noun Clauses (also ch.4 in general) Deck (108)
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1

Si yo fuera Carlos, no perdería nunguna clase.

If I were Carlos (but I am not), I wouldn't miss any class.

2

Temo que Carlos no apruebe este curso.

I am afraid that Carlos may fail this course.

3

Si Carlos no aprobara este curse, su padre se disgustaría mucho.

Should Carlos fail this course, his father would be very upset.

4

A noun clause is a clause that has the same function as a noun; that is, it can be the subject or object of a sentence.

El que Ramón no esté aquí (=La ausencia de Ramón) me molesta. (The fact that Ramón is not here (=Ramón's absence) bothers me.
Qiero que me ayudes (=tu ayuda). I want you to help me (=your help).

5

An adjective or relative clause has the same function as an adjective; that is, it describes (modifies) a noun.

Necesitan empleados que hablen español (=hispanohablantes). They need employees who speak Spanish (=Spanish-speaking). Busco un carro que no cueste mucho (=barrato). I am looking for a car that doesn't cost much (=cheap).

6

Adverbial clauses modify the verb as adverbs do. Likewise, they answer questions like where? when? how?

Te esperaré (dónde?) en lugar que me digas. (I'll wait for you (where?) in the place you tell me to.) Se levantó (cómo?) sin que nadie lo ayudara. (He got up (how) without anyone helping him.) Le daremos tu recado (cuándo?) tan pronto como llegue. (We'll give him your message (when?) as soon as he arrives.)

7

Expressions of Volition: the subjunctive is required in Spanish in a dependent clause when the verb in the main clause indicates volition, intention, wish, or preference. Some typical verbs of this type are:

querer, desear, prohibir, sugerir, preferir, and aconsejar

8

Eduardo quiere que oigamos su historia.

Eduardo wants us to hear his story.

9

Mamá, deseas que me quede en casa hoy?

Mom, do you wish me to stay home today?

10

Los vecinos prefieren que llamemos a la policía.

The neighbors prefer that we call the police.

11

Mi madre prohíbe que los vecinos intervengan.

My mother forbids the neighbors to intervene.

12

If there is a change of subject in the dependent clause then the subjunctive is required, when there is no change of subject, however, the second verb is not a subjunctive but rather the infinitive.

Eduardo quiere contar su historia. Eduardo wants to tell his story.
Mamá, deseas quedarte en casa hoy? Mom do you wish to stay home today?
Los vecinos prefieren llamar a la policía. The neighbors prefer to call the police.

13

acceder a

to agree to

14

aceptar

to accept

15

aconsejar

to advise

16

conseguir

to succeed in, to get

17

consentir en

to consent

18

dejar

to let, allow

19

desear

to wish

20

disgustar(le) (a uno)

to dislike

21

empeñarse en

to insist on

22

estar de acuerdo con

to agree with (approve of)

23

exhortar

to exhort

24

exigir

to demand

25

gustar(le) (a uno)

to like

26

hacer

to have or make (someone do something)

27

impedir

to prevent

28

insistir en

to insist on

29

inentar

to try

30

invitar a

to invite to