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Flashcards in PrevMed Deck (52):
1

In epidemics, death certificate should be secured within

5 days from day of burial

2

either solid or liquid particle dispersed into air

Aerosol

3

dispersed solid particle resulting from breakup of larger masses of material

dust

4

visible aerosol of a liquid by condensation

fog

5

aerosol of solid particle formed by condensation (molten metal) which reacts with air to form oxide

fume

6

most significant air pollutant to public health

PM 10

7

dispersion of solid particle in visible range

mist

8

aerosol resulting from incomplete combustion of carbon-containing materials

smoke

9

gaseous phase of material that is ordinarily solid or liquid at room temp and pressure

vapor

10

major component of “london fog” predominantly acting on upper respi tract

Sulfur dioxide

11

Most useful cxr finding in asbestosis

Bilateral pleural thickening

Diaphragmatic / pericardial calcification (almost pathognomonic)

12

cxr finding in silicosis

egg shell patrern (calcified hilar lymph node)

13

A substance from detergents that is substantially nondegradable leading to persistence of foam in a watercourse

Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate

14

permissible noise exposure

85-90 dBA for 8 hours

15

risk factor of cardiovascular disease with highest prevalence

smoking

16

triad of stomatitis, tremors and erethism is commonly assoc with

mercury poisoning

17

blood lead levels should not exceed

40 mcg/dL

18

leading cause of ESRD in the Phil

DM
HTN
Glomerulonephritis
Polycystic kidney disease

19

legal limit for blood alcohol conc allowed in driving

100 mg/dL

20

general recommendation for DEXA scanning

> 65 years old

21

father of epidemiology

Hippocrates

22

first to describe population by doing vital statistics (birth and death data)

John Graunt

23

discovered that it is possible to vaccinate against small pox

Edward Jenner

24

investigated a cholera epidemic,
father of modern epidemiology

John Snow

25

association between smoking and lung CA was done by

Doll and Peto

26

minimum number of case reports to make a case series

10

27

most frequently acquired injury at the workplace

muscle strain

28

industry with the highest accidental rate and the most dangerous occupation

mining and quarrying sector

29

transmitted by contaminated drinking water

water-borne diseases

30

transmitted due to inadequate water supply (poor hygiene)

water-washed diseases

31

transmitted by agents spread by contact with water

water-based diseases

32

transmitted by insects harboring in water

water related insect-vector diseases

33

most important single test to find out if water is potentially dangerous

bacteriologic testing

34

Iodination of water:
___ drops per liter of water

2 drops

35

most important single treatment of public water supply

chlorination

36

too much nitrates in water supplies may cause

infantile methemoglobinemia

37

the only method of disposing radioactive waste safely

use of landfill

38

first reported form of occupational cancer

chimney sweeps (soot)
-squamous cell CA of scrotum

39

backbone of disease prevention

epidemiology

40

first link in the chain of infection

infectious agent

41

permanent total disability is temporary total disability lasting longer than

120 days

42

aka brown lung disease or monday fever

byssinosis
(cotton dust / fabric manufacturing)

43

sampling method used for a reliable community dx

systematic random sampling

44

chemical asphyxiants

hydrogen sulfide
hydrogen cyanide
carbon monoxide

45

lab exam that confirms the diagnosis of mercury poisoning

urine

46

appropriate measure of central tendency in qualitative data

mode

47

the cause of death reported in statistics (from death certificates)

underlying antecedent cause

48

confidence limits are calculated using

mean and standard error

49

hallmark of an analytic epidemiologic study

use of a valid comparison group

50

causative agent and MOT of typhus

epidemic: Rickettsia prowazekii (body lice)
scrub: Orienta tsutsugamushi (mites/chiggers)
endemic/murine: R. typhi (fleas)

51

SCREEM family tool to assess available resources

Social
Cultural
Religious
Economic
Educational
Medical

52

alteration of behavior by the subjects of a study due to their awareness of being observed

Hawthorne effect
(subject bias)