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Flashcards in Principles Deck (299)
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1

What are the functions of bone?

Support and protect organs
Calcium metabolism
Red blood cell formation
Attachment for skeletal muscle

2

What the name for the process of long bone formation?

Endochondral Ossification

3

What is the structure of the femur?

Outer cortex (cortical)
Inner medulla (cancellous/trabecular)

4

What is the outer layer of bone called?

Periosteum

5

Name seven boney features.

Greater tubercle of the humerous
Styloid process
Lesser trochanter
Ischial tuberosity
Femoral condyle
Tibial Tuberosity
Medial malleolus

6

What is a fossa? Give examples.

A space
Anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae

7

What are the bones of the axial skeleton?

Head
Neck
Trunk

8

What are the bones of the appendicular skeleton?

Upper limbs
Lower limbs
Pectoral girdle
Pelvic Girdle

9

Name the bones of the cranial vault (neurocranium).

Frontal
Sphenoid
Temporal
Parietal
Occipital
Ethmoid bone and its cribriform plate

10

Name the bones of the facial skeleton (viscerocranium).

Nasal
Zygoma
Maxilla
Mandible

11

Name the details of the mandible.

Condylar process
Coronoid process
Ramus
Angle
Lower border
Body
Mental process and foramen

12

How many cervical vertebrae are there?

Seven

13

How man thoracic vertebrae are there?

12

14

How many lumbar vertebrae are there?

5

15

How many sacral vertebrae are there?

5

16

How many coccygeal vertebrae are there?

4

17

Name the aspects of a typical vertebrae

Spinous process
Transverse process
Superior and inferior articular process
Vertebral foramen
Vertebral body
Vertebral arch- two lamina, two pedicle

18

What is the intervertebral foramen

Space between the articular processes
affected in arthritis

19

What is significant about C1(atlas) and C2 (axis)?

CI has no body or spinous process
C2 has an odontoid process

20

What is the first palpable vertebrae?

C7- vertebrae prominens

21

How many ribs are there?

12 pairs`

22

What are the true ribs?

ribs 1-6
articulate with sternum via costal cartilage

23

What are the false ribs?

ribs 7-10
attach via the costal cartilage of the rib above

24

What are the floating ribs?

11 and 12
not attached to sternum

25

What makes up the pectoral girdle?

two scapulae and two clavicle

26

What is the pelvic girdle?

two hip bones

27

What makes up the upper limb?

Arm
Forearm
Hand

28

What makes up the lower limb?

Thigh
Leg
Foot

29

Name the bones in the upper limb (proximal to distal)

Humerus (long bone)
Radius and ulna (long bones)
Carpal bones
Metacarpal bones
Phalanges

30

Name the bones in the lower limb (proximal to distal)

Femur
Tibia and fibula
Tarsals (hindfoot and midfoot)
Metatarsals (forefoot)
Phalanges