Flashcards in Principles Deck (299)
What are the functions of bone?
Support and protect organs
Red blood cell formation
Attachment for skeletal muscle
What the name for the process of long bone formation?
What is the structure of the femur?
Outer cortex (cortical)
Inner medulla (cancellous/trabecular)
What is the outer layer of bone called?
Name seven boney features.
Greater tubercle of the humerous
What is a fossa? Give examples.
Anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae
What are the bones of the axial skeleton?
What are the bones of the appendicular skeleton?
Name the bones of the cranial vault (neurocranium).
Ethmoid bone and its cribriform plate
Name the bones of the facial skeleton (viscerocranium).
Name the details of the mandible.
Mental process and foramen
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
How man thoracic vertebrae are there?
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?
How many sacral vertebrae are there?
How many coccygeal vertebrae are there?
Name the aspects of a typical vertebrae
Superior and inferior articular process
Vertebral arch- two lamina, two pedicle
What is the intervertebral foramen
Space between the articular processes
affected in arthritis
What is significant about C1(atlas) and C2 (axis)?
CI has no body or spinous process
C2 has an odontoid process
What is the first palpable vertebrae?
C7- vertebrae prominens
How many ribs are there?
What are the true ribs?
articulate with sternum via costal cartilage
What are the false ribs?
attach via the costal cartilage of the rib above
What are the floating ribs?
11 and 12
not attached to sternum
What makes up the pectoral girdle?
two scapulae and two clavicle
What is the pelvic girdle?
two hip bones
What makes up the upper limb?
What makes up the lower limb?
Name the bones in the upper limb (proximal to distal)
Humerus (long bone)
Radius and ulna (long bones)