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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (147)
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1

List in correct order the name of the parts of the upper respiratory tract?

Nasal cavities
Oral cavity
Naso, oro, laryngo- pharnyx
larynx

2

List the parts of the lower respiratory tract.

trachea
right and left main bronchus
lobar bronchi
segmental bronchi
bronchioles
alveoli

3

What vertebral level does the upper respiratory tract become the lower?

C6

4

Define the chest walls.

Skin
Fascia
Skeletal muscle
Bone/joints
Parietal pleura

5

Define the chest cavity

Located within the chest walls
Contains organs, great vessels and nerves
Mediastinum and the right and left pleural cavities

6

What is the parietal pleura adherent to?

The inside of the chest wall and the structures of the mediastinum

7

What is the function of pleural fluid?

Lubricant
provides surface tension

8

What is the line at the lower costal cartilages called

costal margin

9

What is the clinical significance of the xiphoid process?

Land mark for CPR

10

What does the head of the rib articulate with

Vertebral body

11

What does the rib tuberical articulate with

transverse process

12

What are the joints of breathing?

Sternocostal
Costochondral
Costovertebral

13

What innervates the diaphragm?

Phrenic nerve- combined anterior rami of spinal nerves C3, 4, 5

14

What innervates the intercostal spaces?

eg. T4 anterior ramus or 4th intercostal nerve and its branches

15

What are the branches of an intercostal nerve?

Lateral cutaneous branch
Anterior cutaneous branch

16

What supplies the anterior parts of the intercostal spaces?

Internal thoracic artery

17

What drains the anterior aspect of the intercostal spaces?

Internal thoracic vein

18

What supplies the posterior part of the intercostal space?

thoracic aorta

19

What drains the posterior intercostal spaces?

azygous vein

20

What branches of the thoracic aorta supply the intercostal spaces?

The posterior intercostal arteries (Bilateral)

21

What branches of the thoracic aorta supply the lung tissue?

Bronchial arteries (from lateral aspect)

22

Where does the diaphragm attach?

sternum
lower 6 ribs
L1-3 vertebral bodies

23

Where is the phrenic nerve found in the neck?

Anterior surface of the scalenus anterior

24

Where is the phrenic nerve found in the chest?

Descends over the lateral aspect of the fibrous pericardium

25

What does the phrenic nerve supply?

Diaphragm
Fibrous pericardium

26

What happens to the pleural cavity during inspiration

Becomes a vacuum

27

How would you locate rib two

by palpating the sternal angle

28

What are the four quadrants of the breast?

Superolateral
Superomedial
Inferolateral
Inferomedial

29

What are the significant features of the breast?

Axillary tails
nipple
areola

30

What is the blood supply and veinous drainage to the breast?

Subclavian
internal thoracic artery and veins