Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (147)
List in correct order the name of the parts of the upper respiratory tract?
Naso, oro, laryngo- pharnyx
List the parts of the lower respiratory tract.
right and left main bronchus
What vertebral level does the upper respiratory tract become the lower?
Define the chest walls.
Define the chest cavity
Located within the chest walls
Contains organs, great vessels and nerves
Mediastinum and the right and left pleural cavities
What is the parietal pleura adherent to?
The inside of the chest wall and the structures of the mediastinum
What is the function of pleural fluid?
provides surface tension
What is the line at the lower costal cartilages called
What is the clinical significance of the xiphoid process?
Land mark for CPR
What does the head of the rib articulate with
What does the rib tuberical articulate with
What are the joints of breathing?
What innervates the diaphragm?
Phrenic nerve- combined anterior rami of spinal nerves C3, 4, 5
What innervates the intercostal spaces?
eg. T4 anterior ramus or 4th intercostal nerve and its branches
What are the branches of an intercostal nerve?
Lateral cutaneous branch
Anterior cutaneous branch
What supplies the anterior parts of the intercostal spaces?
Internal thoracic artery
What drains the anterior aspect of the intercostal spaces?
Internal thoracic vein
What supplies the posterior part of the intercostal space?
What drains the posterior intercostal spaces?
What branches of the thoracic aorta supply the intercostal spaces?
The posterior intercostal arteries (Bilateral)
What branches of the thoracic aorta supply the lung tissue?
Bronchial arteries (from lateral aspect)
Where does the diaphragm attach?
lower 6 ribs
L1-3 vertebral bodies
Where is the phrenic nerve found in the neck?
Anterior surface of the scalenus anterior
Where is the phrenic nerve found in the chest?
Descends over the lateral aspect of the fibrous pericardium
What does the phrenic nerve supply?
What happens to the pleural cavity during inspiration
Becomes a vacuum
How would you locate rib two
by palpating the sternal angle
What are the four quadrants of the breast?
What are the significant features of the breast?