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Flashcards in Proces fo Word Formation Deck (20)
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1

Invention

words created from no existing morphemes or phonestheme

2

Compounding words

words formed by the joining of two or more free morphemes into a single word

3

Derivation

forming of new words by combining derivational affixes or bound bases with existing words

4

blending (portmanteau words)

combining two or more parts from two or more existing words

5

Clip formations

elimination part of a word

6

Backformation

forming a new word form an existing one, usually verb from a noun, nearly always changing the part of speech

7

Echoism (onomatopoeia)

words in which the sounds suggest meaning

8

Reduplication

word with repeating sounds or syllables

9

Functional Shift

the use of the same word as more than one part of speech

10

Antonomasia (commonization)

words derived from proper names

11

Folk etymology (malapropism, Archie Bunker-ism)

using a word in an improper way because of association with a known word or situation, often creating a new word ex: Hearing a song and misunderstanding a word, mishearing something and then creating a new word.

12

Generalization

giving a more general meaning to a narrow term ex: go- to go by any means of transportation when it once meant to walk, starve- now means to die of hunger, once meant to die

13

Specialization

narrowing the meaning of a word

14

Pejoration

giving a derogatory meaning to a word ex: fool used to mean court jester, and now it means idiot.

15

Amelioration

a once uncomplimentary word now has a more positive meaning. ex: bomb: they dropped a bomb vs. you're the bomb- wicked: evil vs. cool

16

Euphemism

substitution of a more pleasant phrase for something unpleasant

17

Trade Name

using the name of a particular product to refer to and item. ex: coke for soda, Kleenex for tissue, xerox for copy

18

Phonesthemes

sound combinations that has come to have meaning, units of sound that seem to have meaning but are not true morphemes: fly, flip, flow; glisten, glow, glitter

19

homogrpahs

words that look alike but have different sounds and meanings: wind a clock, the wind blows; write a resume, resume a project

20

homophone

words that sound the same but have different meanings: two, to, too