the study of units of sound
the smallest unit of sound
a sound in its variations as long as meaning does not change
an insignificant variable of a poneme
Is speech a primary or secondary function of the various parts of the body used to produce sounds?
What are the four parts of Speech?
respiration, phonation, resonation, and articulation in that order
Speech can be defined as....
sound waves created in a moving stream of air
What parts of the body are used in respiration to produce speech?
abdominal and intercostal muscles, diaphragm, and the lungs take in air which is then exhaled while producing sound using the larynx (vocal cord) and the pharynx (the throat cavity), the mouth (oral cavity), and the nasal cavity in producing different sounds.
determines the pitch (high or low) of a sound, the range of the sound, and the degree of loudness of a sound.
Do the vocal cord vibrate with voiceless or voiced sounds
the reinforcement of sound (tone) set up by the vocal cords that occurs in the pharyngeal, nasal, and oral cavities.
the molding and shapig of the voice into speech; the making of vowels, consonants, and diphthongs, by the articulators- the lips, the teeth, the tounge, and the hard and soft palates.
all vowels are voiced sounds, oral sounds, and made with unrestriced air flow
between the lips
w/ lips and teeth
Between the teeth
with ridge above upper teeh
the area just behind the alelor ridge in the roof of the mouth
made with the tongue near thesoft palat (at the back of the roof of the mouth)
Produced by closing the glottis
The flow of air actually stops as the sound is articulated
A narrow opening somehwere in the oral cavity cause air to rub its way through
Begin like stops (t and d) but end like fricatives (s and z)
Made by blocking the mouth and letting the air flow through the nasal cavity
made as air flows around the sides of the tounge (laterals)
made by the tounge bending back as the air flows
produced with unrestricted air flow like vowels, but can be followed by vowels
are made with some restriction of the air flow
Often occur in pairs with one member voiced and the other voiceless
May be Oral or Nasal
ARe grouped by place of articulation and means of articulation