Phonology Flashcards Preview

Advanced Grammar > Phonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phonology Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1

Phonology

the study of units of sound

2

Phone

the smallest unit of sound

3

Phoneme

a sound in its variations as long as meaning does not change

4

Allophone

an insignificant variable of a poneme

5

Is speech a primary or secondary function of the various parts of the body used to produce sounds?

Secondary Function

6

What are the four parts of Speech?

respiration, phonation, resonation, and articulation in that order

7

Speech can be defined as....

sound waves created in a moving stream of air

8

What parts of the body are used in respiration to produce speech?

abdominal and intercostal muscles, diaphragm, and the lungs take in air which is then exhaled while producing sound using the larynx (vocal cord) and the pharynx (the throat cavity), the mouth (oral cavity), and the nasal cavity in producing different sounds.

9

Phonation

determines the pitch (high or low) of a sound, the range of the sound, and the degree of loudness of a sound.

10

Do the vocal cord vibrate with voiceless or voiced sounds

voiced souds

11

Resonation

the reinforcement of sound (tone) set up by the vocal cords that occurs in the pharyngeal, nasal, and oral cavities.

12

Articulation

the molding and shapig of the voice into speech; the making of vowels, consonants, and diphthongs, by the articulators- the lips, the teeth, the tounge, and the hard and soft palates.

13

Vowel Sounds

all vowels are voiced sounds, oral sounds, and made with unrestriced air flow

41

Labial

between the lips

42

Labialdental

w/ lips and teeth

43

Interdental

Between the teeth

44

Alevolar

with ridge above upper teeh

45

Alevo-Palodental

the area just behind the alelor ridge in the roof of the mouth

46

Velar

made with the tongue near thesoft palat (at the back of the roof of the mouth)

47

Glottal

Produced by closing the glottis

48

Stops

The flow of air actually stops as the sound is articulated

49

Fricatives

A narrow opening somehwere in the oral cavity cause air to rub its way through

50

Affricatives

Begin like stops (t and d) but end like fricatives (s and z)

51

Nasals

Made by blocking the mouth and letting the air flow through the nasal cavity

52

Liquids

made as air flows around the sides of the tounge (laterals)

53

Retroflex

made by the tounge bending back as the air flows

54

Semivowels

produced with unrestricted air flow like vowels, but can be followed by vowels

55

Consonant sounds

are made with some restriction of the air flow

Often occur in pairs with one member voiced and the other voiceless

May be Oral or Nasal

ARe grouped by place of articulation and means of articulation