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Flashcards in Suprasegmental Phonemes Deck (42)
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1

Suprasegmental

are sound modifications that signal meaning other than segmental phonemes (combinations of sounds).

2

Pitch

The vocal Levels at which sound is produced

3

2 A Raised 2

represnts the level of pitch known as Rising Pitch, used when we begin to speak.

4

3A superscript 3

 represents the level of pitch (volume) when we are at the accented syllable of the word that gets most stress in an utterance.

5

1A superscript 1

represents the falling away of pitch as we come to the end of a grammatical unit.

6

4Level 4

is rarely used except in statements of strong fear, anger, excitement, etc.

7

The Dog at the Bone

2The dog ate the 3bo′ne1.↓

8

After the dance, the three giggle girls went to wendy's.

2After the 3dance,22the three giggling cheerleaders went to 3We′ndy’s1.↓

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In symbolizing a intonation contour, pitch should be marked in three places:

At the beginning of the contour (grammatical unit)
At the beginning of the syllable bearing the primary stress
At the end of the unit before the terminal (the punctuation mark indicating closure)

10

Two Patterns of Pitch

231 and 233 (232)

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231

Used in giving commands
Used in questions that begin with a question word (Who, what, when, where, why, how, etc.)
Used in statements/declarative sentences

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2Today is 3 Th'ursday1↓.

231

13

2Please shut the 3w′indow1.↓

231

14

2Who is that striking 3w′oman1?↓

231

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233 (232) Pattern

Yes or No questions in question form

Yes or No questions in statement form

Initial grammatical units 

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2Are you going to the 3c′oncert tonight3?↑

233

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2You are Mary’s 3b′rother3?

233

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Stress

is the emphasis (or lack of emphasis) placed on a syllable.

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Four Levels of Stress

Primary stress– denoted by a '
Secondary stress—denoted by a ^
Tertiary (or mid) stress—denoted by a `
Unaccented syllables—denoted by a ˘

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Primary Stress

a '

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Secondary Stress

a ^

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Tertiary (or mid) stress

a ` 

23

Unaccented Syllables

a ˘

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In a two-syllable noun, which syllable usually gets primary stress?

the first syllable

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In a two syllable verb,, which syllable egts the primary stress?

the second syllable

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Produce as a verb

Prod'uce

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Produce as a noun

'produce

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Stress Patterns: Compound Nouns

 ′ `, primary stress on  the first syllable and mid stress on the other major syllable.

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Adjective- Noun

^ ′

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Verb and Noun Object

^ ′