Flashcards in Professionalism, Law & Ethical Practices Deck (16)
What is professionalism?
- Refers to professional character, spirit and methods
What is the criteria of a profession?
- Its requirement for prolonged, specialised training to acquire a body of knowledge pertinent to the role to be performed
- An orientation of the individual towards services, either to a community or to an organisation
- Ongoing research
- A code of ethics
- A professional organisation
- Positions or feelings toward a person, object or idea (good or bad)
- What people accept as true and are often something that matters to an individual
- Religious faith, atheism and agnostic are all beliefs
- Does not have to be true but beliefs can determine how we live our lives and direct behaviours
- Enduring belief or attitude about worth of a person, object or idea
What is deontology?
The ethical theory that considers the intrinsic significance of the act itself as the criterion for the determination of good; we are not acting because we have desire to be helpful or generous but because of our sense of duty
What is consequentialism?
The ethical theory stating that the value of a situation is determined by its consequences; this, the outcome of an action – not the action itself – is the criterion for determining the goodness of that action
What are value ethics?
The ethical theory that rightness or wrongness of an action is driven by the motivation of the act; aim to avoid causing harm with emphasis on nurture and care
What is autonomy?
The individual’s right to choose and the ability to act on that choice
What is non-maleficence?
The duty to cause no harm to harm; harm can take many forms – physiological, psychological, social, or spiritual
What is beneficence?
The ethical principle that means the duty to promote good and to prevent harm; two elements of beneficence – providing benefit & balancing benefits and harms
What is justice?
Based on the concept of fairness; the major health related issues of justice involve the fair treatment of individuals and allocation of resource distribution
What is fidelity?
To be faithful to agreements and promises to clients, employers, society and themselves
What is veracity?
To be truthful, neither lying or deceiving others
List the four concepts of professionalism
1. Calling or vocation
2. Professional detachment
4. Proficiency and accountability