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Flashcards in Protective gear and sports equipment Deck (40):
1

established voluntary test standards to reduce head injuries by establishing minimum safety requirements for helmets and face masks

Natinoal operating committee on standards for athletic equipment (NOCSAE)

2

how often do you have to check helmets

2 year if no warrenty

3

fitting a football helmet

- wet players hair
-snug fit all around head
-cover base of skull
-3/4 inch or 2 finger widths above eyebrows
-ear holes should match
- should not shift when manual pressure is applies
-chin strap equal distance from center
-cheeck pads against face snug
-face mask 3 finger widths from face

4

types of chin straps

2, 4, 6;
-4 prevents the most movement

5

ice hockey helmet requirements

Canadian standards association must approve w/ stamp

6

baseball/softball helmet requirements

require NOCSAE stamp; little supporting evidence

7

soccer headgear requirements

for concussions; 1 1/2 - 2 inches wide

8

Football face mask requirements

at least 2 bars; 3 inch space between top of face guard and lower edge of helmet

9

ice hockey face mask requirements

plastic coated; goal keepers must wear throat protector

10

bulkier (blocking and tackling); front and rear panels have been extended

cantileverned

11

less restrictive in should motion ( QB and WR)

non cantilevered

12

how to fit should pads

-width of shoulders measured for size of pad
-inside should pad must cover tip of shoulder to later aspect of shoulder
-epaulets and cups should cover the deltoid muscle and allowed movements required by specific position
-neck must allow arm above head
-cover clavicle

13

neck collar attached to shoulder pads decreases?

neck movement

14

Most common hip and buttocks pads in hockey and football?

girdle and belt types

15

1/2 - 3/4 inch distance b/w longest toe and front of shoe

toe box

16

prevents foot from rolling side to side at heel strike

heel counters

17

Made from nylon and leather; covers Achilles tendon

shoe uppers

18

Measurement of shoe fitting, landmarks;

heel to metatarsalphalangeal joint or heel to end of longest toe; choose longer one for size

19

May be used from plantar fascitis, heel spurs, Achilles tendinitis and heel bursitis; hard plastic or spongy rubber

heel cups

20

used prophylactically to prevent injuries to MCL in contact sports

protective knee braces

21

used following surgery to allow for controlled progressive immobilization (hinges)

rehabilitative knee brace

22

worn during and following rehab period to provide support during functional activites

functional knee brace

23

Athletes who have injuries collateral ligaments and want support

neoprene braces with medial/lateral supports

24

provide some support for patellofemoral conditions

neoprene sleeve

25

less versatile than other pad material; has varied thickness and can be used as an absorbent or a protective pad

gauze padding

26

cheapest and most widely used; ability to absorb, hold emollients, and offer mild padding

cotton

27

contains an ad adhesive mass on one side, thus combining a cushioning effect with the ability to be held in a specific spot; versatile and can be used on all body parts

adhesive felt (moleskin)

28

composed of matted wool fibers pressured into varying thickness (1/4-1 inch); comfortable, firmer pressure, absorbs sweat and clings to skin; replaced daily

felt

29

come in many different thicknesses and densities (1/8- 1/2 inch; resilient, nonabsorbent, protective against compression forces

foam

30

open vs close celled foam

closed preferred cause it rebounds and returns to original shape

31

nonyielding material; low temperature variety, most popular, plastic will be molded to body part; aquaplast or orthoplast

heat forming plastics

32

require relatively higher temperatures for shaping; rigid and difficult to form, usually requiring a mold rather than being formed directly to body part; high impact vinyl, kydex or nyloplex

heat setting plastics

33

plastics that have differences in density as a result of the addition of liquid, gas or crystals. commonly used as a shoe insert or other body padding; example: aloplast or plastazote

heat-plastic foams

34

material of choice is fiberglass, uses a resin and a catalytic converter plus water to produce hardening; makes effect shell for splits and protective pads

casting materials

35

many cements and glues join plastic oto plastic or other materials

adhesive

36

holds various materials in place; linen and elastic tape to hold pads to a rigid backing or to adhesive felt and can be used to protect against sharp edges

adhesive tape

37

6 inch wrap, start of upper thigh, pull up and medial as you cross the hip; secure with 1 1/2 inch adhesive tape

groin

38

4 - 6 inch wrap; anchor wrap and carry around back under unaffected arm and across the chest to injured arm and do figure eight

shoulder spica

39

used to secure dressing in cubital fossa or prevent full extension; 3 inch wrap; flew between 45-90 degrees

elbow figure eight bandage

40

1 1/2 - 2 inches wide, 72-96 inches long; applied over a sock

cloth ankle wrap