Orthopedic Structures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Orthopedic Structures Deck (45):
1

attachment of plantar fascia

calcaneal tuberosity

2

uppermost part is the trochlea

talus

3

articulates the 3 cuniforms; anterior to talus

navicular

4

calcaneous, navicular, talus, 1st cuneiform, 1st metatarsal' spring ligament, deltoid, plantar fascia

medial-longitudinal arch

5

calcaneous, cuboid, 5th metatarsal; short planar, long plantar, PF, peroneus longus

lateral longitudinal arch

6

metatarsal heads

anterior metatarsal arch

7

across transverse tarsal bones; short plantar lig and peroneal longus, tib posterior

transverse arch

8

pronation and supination occur at what joint

subtalar

9

flexion of distal phalanges 2-5

flexor dig longus

10

flexion of middle phalanges 2-5

flexor dig brevis

11

flexion of proximal phalanges

lumbricales

12

extension of middle phalanges

abductor hallucis,

13

extension of distal phalanges

lumbricales, ext digitorum longus, extensor hallicus longus

14

occurs in young, physically active adults

apophysitis of calcaneus (severs disease)

15

causes include pronation and trauma; athlete complains of mid-foot sprain with pain on dorsum of foot and.or over anterior/lateral ankle after an inversion mechanism; referred pain to heel

cuboid subluxation

16

ankle is PF with rearfoot locked, sudden forceful hyper-PF of forefoot results in dorsal displacement of proximal end of metatarsals

Tarsometatarsal fracture/dislocation

17

most common acute fracture is fx to the diaphysis at the base of the 5th metatarsal

jones

18

pain under 2nd or 3rd metatarsal heads; heavy callus forms in area od pain; causes include inflexibility of gastro/soleus complex

metatarsalgia

19

mortons neuroma occurs where

3rd and 4th

20

the joint that does PF/DF

talocrural joint

21

posterior tibial nerve, artery, vein

tarsal tunnel

22

between ext dig and hall longus

dorsal pedal pulse

23

passively DF with knee extended and palpate calf region

Homan's Test

24

-TTP at malleolar zone or posterior edge tip of medial/lateral malleolus
-totally unable to weight bear immediately post injury and for 4 steps after some time has passed
-pain in midfoot zone
-TTP at base of 5th metatarsal, navicular

ottawa ankle rules

25

C Shaped, attached to medial tibia, joint capsule (coronary ligaments) and semimembranosus

medial meniscus

26

O shaped, attached to lateral tibia, articular capsule, popliteal tendon; more mobile attachment

lateral meniscus

27

lateral femoral condyle to anteromedial intercondylar eminence of the tibia

ACL

28

medial femoral condyle to posterior tibia

PCL

29

above joint line on medial femoral epicondyle to tibia

MCL

30

lateral femoral epicondyle to head of fibula

LCL

31

only bursa inside joint capsule; area where joint effusion migrates and accumulates

suprapatellar

32

on top of patella

prepatellar

33

housekeepers knee

deep infrapatellar/superficial infrapatellar

34

separates patellar tendon from joint capsule

infrapatellar fat pad

35

Angle from ASIS to mid patella to tibial tuberosity

Q Angle

36

duplicates anterior sublux/reduction that occurs during functional activities in ACL-D knees; apply valgus force at knee and move knee from extension to flexion

lateral pivot shift

37

pivot shift, but start in flexion and move into extension

reverse pivot shift

38

posterior drawer with tibial ER

external rotation test

39

herniation of joint capsule into popliteal fossa due to joint effusion; more common in adolescents

Baker's cyst

40

softening and deterioration of articular cartilage

Chondromalacia Patella

41

results from lateral deviation of patella while tracking in femoral groove; irritation of synovium; may be caused by tight structures, pronation, increased Q angle

Patellofemoral Stress Syndrome

42

AIIS to interochantric line; resists hip extension, ER, ADD

iliofemoral ligament

43

superior pubic ramus to medial iliofemoral liament

pubofemoral ligament

44

posterior/inferior acetabulum/ischium to greater trochanter

ischiofemoral ligament

45

fovea capitis of femoral head to transverse acetabular ligament of acetabulum

ligamentum teres