Flashcards in Psy exam 5 Deck (39):
What is Social Cognition?
It's how we think about people and ourselves.
What is Social Influence?
How situations influence us.
What is Attitude?
Is a predisposition to respond to a particular object in a particular way.
What are the three components of Attitude?
What is Cognitive component of attitude?
is a set of beliefs of what you think.
You measure it with questionnaires, verbal interviews.
Stereotypes are cognitive.
What is the Affective Component?
How emotional you are.
Measured by heart rate, respiration, GSR.
Prejudice is Affective
What is the Behavioral component of attitude?
What you're going to is an action, that directs behavioral observation.
Discrimination is Behavioral.
What was the Lapiere Study?
Lapiere wanted to study prejudice against Chinese in 1934. The study showed that what you think and feel is not always how you act.
What is Social Psychology?
A study that looks at how other people influence our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
What research suggest about Stereotyping?
That is inevitable and automatic.
What are in-groups?
A group you belong to. These groups you tend to think look better and act better. Think to be better mannered.
What are out groups?
Any group you don't perceive yourself to be a part of. In this group you think people are all similar to each other. This is called the Out Group Homogeneity effect.
What is a Self-fulfilling prophecy?
People think you are smart and you are lead to be smart.
What is stereotype threat?
Refers to a negative stereotype that leads people to live up to that stereotype.
What is the Fundamental Attribution Error?
When describing the behavior of others, we tend to overestimate the role of dispositional causes and underestimate the role of the situational causes.
What is the Actor Observer Bias?
We tend to attribute our own behavior to situational causes, while attributing the behavior of others to dispositional causes.
What is a Self Serving Bias?
We tend to attribute our success to dispositional causes and attribute our failure to situational causes.
What is Unrealistic Optimism?
That we tend to over estimate what good things will happen to us and under estimate what bad things will happen to us.
What is the self-effacing bias?
It is prominent In Japan. It's the opposite of the American idea of a self serving bias.
What is Social Influence?
An interest in "Groups". Groups create roles. Roles - A shared expectation on how someone should act in a group.
What was the Stanford Prison Study?
Zimbardo created a fake prison. Used college students. Flip of a coin was used to decided who was a guard or a prisoner.
What is the power of the situation?
Taken in by the power of the situation. Roles are extremely influential and the Power of the Situation can over power your personality.
What is conformity?
A change in beliefs or behavior in response to group pressure, when we know one in the group requests this change.
What did Asch observe about college students when looking at conformity?
He observed that with the lines experiment 37% would conform every time and 75% Conformed at least 1.
What is obedience?
When some sort of authority figure tells you to do something you'll listen without question.
What was the Milgram Study?
Was a study done in Yale. Where people were asked question and when they got them wrong the person who was asked the question thought they shocked them. 65% of people kept going even though they thought they were shocking at the max level. The changed the level of prestige and it dropped to 48% going to the max. Proximity was changed and it dropped to 23%
What is personal behavior?
More likely to help someone who serves as a model person/ in a good mood.
What is the Bystander Effect?
The more people that are around the less likely they are to help. Less likely to feel responsible.
What is Diffusion of Responsibility?
In a group responsibly is spread out.
What does Psychiatry use?
Studies medicine and is less inclined to practice Psycho therapy.
What does a Clinical Psychology use?
Doesn't prescribe medicine. They talk about what causes problems like depression.
What is the first thing you look for to find Psychological disorders?
1. Look for deviations from statistical Norms.
What is the 2nd thing you look for to find Psychological disorders?
Social norms- deviation from social norms.
What is the third thing you look for to find Psychological disorders?
Maladaptiveness- doing something unhealthy or negative the effects themselves or someone else.
What is the 4th thing you look for to find Psychological disorders?
What is DSM?
Has descriptions of disorders, how to diagnose based on the current situation. It's constantly under revision.
What was the Rosenhan study?
A test in whether Psy hospital where good at measuring Psychiatry diagnosis. He uses his friends as Pseudo patients. They all got diagnosed with schizophrenia. From saying they had voices in their head.
The Rosenhen Study illustrated what about the hospitals?
That they weren't very good at the diagnosing. So the system was no functioning correctly. It also showed that once someone got a label they were looked at through that label.