psyc 332 ch 8 rev Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in psyc 332 ch 8 rev Deck (21):
1

A threat to internal validity that occurs when the process used to assign different participants to different treatments produces groups of individuals with noticeably different characteristics

Assignment bias

2

A research design in which each of the different groups of scores is obtained from a separate group of participants Also known as an independentmeasures design

Betweensubjects design

3

An experimental design using a separate independent group of individuals for each treatment condition being compared Also known as an independentmeasures experimental design

Betweensubjects experimental design

4

A threat to internal validity that occurs when an untreated group demands to receive a treatment that is the same as or equivalent to the treatment received by another group in the research study

Compensatory equalization

5

A threat to internal validity that occurs when an untreated group learns about special treatment received by another group then works extra hard to show they can perform just as well as that group

Compensatory rivalry

6

A threat to internal validity that occurs when attrition in one group is systematically different from the attrition in another group

Differential attrition

7

A threat to internal validity that occurs when a treatment effect spreads from the treatment group to the control group usually from participants talking to each other

Diffusion

8

In a betweensubjects design a hypothesis test that evaluates the statistical significance of the mean difference between two separate groups of participants

Independentmeasures t test

9

A research design in which each of the different groups of scores is obtained from a separate group of participants See betweensubjects design

Independentmeasures design

10

An experimental design using a separate independent group of individuals for each treatment condition being compared See betweensubjects experimental design

Independentmeasures experimental design

11

Characteristics that differ from one participant to another

Individual differences

12

The assignment of individuals to groups so that a specific variable is balanced or matched across the groups

Matching

13

A procedure in which a random process is used to assign participants to treatment conditions

Random assignment

14

A threat to internal validity that occurs when an untreated group learns of special treatment given to another group and becomes less productive and less motivated because they resent the other groups expected superiority

Resentful demoralization

15

A random process for assigning individuals to groups that has a limitation to ensure predetermined characteristics such as equal size for the separate groups

Restricted random assignment

16

A research design comparing more than two groups of participants or groups of scores representing more than two levels of the same factor

Singlefactor multiplegroup design

17

A research design comparing two groups of participants or two groups of scores representing two levels of a factor Also known as the twogroup design

Singlefactor twogroup design

18

See singlefactor twogroup design

Twogroup design

19

See variance within treatments

Variance within groups

20

A measure of the differences between scores for a group of individuals who have all received the same treatment The intent is to measure naturally occurring differences that have not been caused by a treatment effect Also known as variance within groups

Variance within treatments

21

A research design in which the different groups of scores are all obtained from the same group of participants Also known as repeatedmeasures design

Withinsubjects design