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Flashcards in Psych Disorders Deck (36):

Panic disorder

has suffered at least one panic attack and is worried about having more


Generalized anxiety disorder

feels tense or anxious much of the time about many issues, but does not experience panic attacks


Specific phobia

persistent, strong, and unreasonable fear of a certain object or situation


Social phobia

unreasonable, paralyzing fear of feeling embarrassed or humiliated while one is watched by others



feels intense fear, horror or helplessness while experiencing, witnessing or otherwise confronting an extremely traumatic event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury to themselves or others
traumatic event is relived through flashbacks etc
person is also chronically physiologically hyperaroused
symptoms must be present for more than a month


Acute stress disorder

similar to PTSD, but symptoms are present for a month or less



has obsessions, compulsions or both


Conversion disorder

somatoform disorder
person experiences a change in sensory or motor function that has no discernible physical or physiological cause and seems to be significantly affected by psychological factors


Pain disorder

somatoform disorder
clinically important pain whose onset or severity seems significantly affected by psychological factors


Somatization disorder

somatoform disorder
has at least 8 of the following physical symptoms that began before age 30, occurred over several years, and were not fully explained by physical or psychological cause:
-pain in at least 4 areas of the body
-at least to GI symptoms
-at least one sexual symptom
-at least one pseudo neurological symptom



preoccupied with fears of having a serious illness for at least 6 months


Schizophreniiform disorder

symptoms of schizophrenia for one to six months
symptoms may or may not have interfered with the person's life


Schizoaffective disorder

both the symptoms of schizophrenia and a major depressive, manic or mixed episode are experienced for at least one month


Major depressive disorder

suffered one or more major depressive episodes (has felt worse than usual for most of the day, nearly everyday for at lest 2 weeks)
also have at least 5 emotional, behavioural, cognitive or physical symptoms


Dysthymic disorder

less intense, chronic form of depression
milder symptoms of depression most days for at least 2 years, with symptoms never absent for more than 2 months, and WITHOUT experiencing a major depressive disorder


Bipolar I disorder

at least one manic or mixed episode


Bipolar II disorder

at least one major depressive episode and one hypomanic episode, but no manic or mixed episodes


Cyclothymic disorder

cyclic moods that are less extreme than bipolar disorder
includes many hypomanic episodes and depressed mood episodes (milder than a major depressive episode)


Dissociative amnesia

has had at least one episode of suddenly forgetting some important personal information, usually related to severe stress or trauma
usually ends suddenly, with full recovery of memory


Dissociative fugue

person suddenly goes on a journey, during which they cannot recall personal history prior to the journey
usually ends suddenly with full recovery of memories prior to the episode, but amnesia for the episode


Dissociative identity disorder

person alternates among two or more distinct personality states


Depersonalization disorder

recurring or persistent feeling of being cut off or detached from his or her body or mental processes (like they're observing themselves from the outside)


Can children have personality disorders?

must be a teenager or young adult to be diagnosed


Which personality disorders are in Cluster A?

paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders


Which personality disorders are in Cluster B?

antisocial, borderline, histronic and narcissistic personality disorders


Which personality disorders are in Cluster C?

avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders


Paranoid personality disorder

cluster A
mistrusts and misinterprets others motives and actions without sufficient cause


Schizoid personality disorder

cluster A
loner with little interest or involvement in close relationships, even with family members
seems unaffected by interactions with other people


Schizotypal personality disorder

cluster A
has several traits that cause problems interpersonally including constricted or inappropriate affect, magical or paranoid thinking, odd beliefs, speech, behaviour, appearance and perceptions


Antisocial personality disorder

cluster B
history of serious behaviour problems beginning as a young teen
including aggression against people or animals, property destruction, lying or theft, serious rule violation
also since 15 has repeatedly disregarded the rights of others


Borderline personality disorder

cluster B
enduring or recurrent instability in their impulse control, mood and image of self and others
unstable relationships
terrified of abandonment
self-harming and suicidal behaviours may also occur


Histronic personality disorder

cluster B
strongly desires to be the centre of attention and often seeks to attract attention through personal appearance and seductive behaviour
expression of emotions are dramatic, but emotions are shallow and shifting


Narcissistic personality disorder

cluster B
feels grandiosely self-important with fantasies of beauty, brilliance and power


Avoidant personality disorder

Cluster C
feels inadequate, inferior and undesirable, is preoccupied with fears of criticism

restrained and inhibited in relationships


Dependent personality disorder

Cluster C
feels need to be taken care of by others and an unrealistic fear of being unable to take care of themselves
clingy, submissive, afraid to express disagreement



Cluster C
accumulate money or worthless objects
perfectionist, rigid, stubborn
resists authority of others
may be depressed and have trouble expressing affection