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Flashcards in Psychiatry Deck (16):
1

Neurotransmitters in Huntington's

Decreased GABA, ACh
Increased dopamine

2

Neurotransmitters in Parkinson's

Decreased dopamine
Increased serotonin and ACh

3

Schizoaffective disorder

At least two weeks of stable mood with psychotic symptoms, plus a major depressive, manic or mixed episode

4

Cyclothymic disorder

Dysthymia (chronic depression) and hypomania. A milder form of bipolar disorder lasting at least two years

5

Clomipramine

TCA specific for OCD

6

Conversion disorder

1) Sudden loss of sensory or motor function following an acute stressor
2) Patient is aware, yet indifferent

7

Schizotypal personality

Eccentric appearance, odd beliefs or magical thinking, interpersonal akwardness

8

Nalaxone + buprenorphine

1) Partial agonist which is long acting with fewer withdrawal symptoms than methadone
2) Withdrawal symptoms only if injected

9

Typical Antipsychotics

1) Haloperidol and "azines"
2) Block dopamine D2 receptors -> increased cAMP
3) Stored in fat, slow to leave body

10

Chlorpromazine, thioridazine

Low potency typical anti-psychotics with anticholinergic, antihistamine and alpha1-blockade effects

11

Trifluoperazine, fluphenazine, haloperidol

High potential typical anti-psychotics with neurologic side effects

12

Treatment of serotonin syndrome

Cyproheptadine

13

Venlafaxine

1) Inhibits serotonin and NE uptake
2) Depression, anxiety, peripheral neuropathy

14

Imipramine

TCA used for bedwetting

15

TCA toxicity

1) Confusion
2) Cardiotoxicity
3) Coma
4) Convulsions

16

Trazodone

1) Used for insomnia
2) Priapism