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Flashcards in Psychoanalytic Analysis Deck (31):
1

Why do media studies scholars adopt a psychoanalytic framework to analyze media artefacts?

Repressed or lost desires influence the creation of media artefacts and explain the mental drives activated by those artefacts.

This approach is generally grounded in:
The genesis of individual psychology
The psychology of the media artefact
The ways in which the two interact in the process of media consumption

Psychoanalytic analysis

2

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Freudian Psychoanalysis

3

Components on the human psyche

Freud’s Model of The Human Psyche

4

Conscious awareness provided by your senses

Perceptional Consciousness

5

Things easily called to your conscious mind

Pre-Conscious

6

Perceptional consciousness + pre-conscious

Conscious Mind

7

Associated with the Pleasure Principle – the uncontrollable human drive to satisfy desire, including libido, human sexual desire

The one and only urge of the Id is toward satisfaction

“It is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality”

Id

8

Associated with the Reality Principle – the constant curbing of desire according to possibility; laws, both written and unwritten; and social convention

Superego

9

Acts according to the reality principle and seeks to please the id’s drive in realistic ways

Ego

10

The boundary between the conscious and unconscious is ______

permeable

11

The unconscious can reveal itself through _____ and _____

dreams and slips of the tongue (Freudian slip)

12

Jacque Lacan (1901-1981)

Lacanian Psychoanalysis

13

The pre-linguistic realm

A moment of recognition and misrecognition

The Imaginary

The Mirror Stage

14

The actual environment of the theatre activates psychoanalytic desires in spectators, and they can unconsciously rejoice in mirror stage feelings of wholeness, mastery, and control while watching the film

Apparatus Theory

15

“Nom du père” - “Name of the Father” “Law of the Father”

The NO of the father

Language and Lack

The Symbolic

16

The symbolic realm – structures, orders, and constrains the impulse for the Imaginary.

Language

17

Our individual subjectivity or consciousness is actually an effect of language and symbols because we are forced to use them to articulate a consciousness or an identity.

We can never return to the real.

18

Yearning for absent pleasures

We are trapped in a reality whose social order and language keep us from knowing or expressing pleasure full

The state of human existence

Lack

19

process of sexual development/Oedipus complex

Freud

20

process of sexual development/Oedipus complex

Lacan

21

Key Similarity between Freud and Lacan

"the phallus" as a symbol of power in the creation of the human psyche

22

A social condition where images or representation of the penis carry connotations of power

i.e. • Codpiece
• Armour from the middle ages – phallic symbol of the power of the knights
• Movie: A Clockwork Orange
• Hitchcock’s Pyscho – The Shower
o Knife as the phallic symbol
o She is an adulterer – the phallic knife punishes her

Phallocentrism

23

pleasure in looking (neutral)

scopophilia

24

pleasure in watching a desired object or person from a distance; pleasure in not being seen

voyeurism

25

psychic structuring of an object or part of a person as a source of sexual pleasure

fetishism

26

appetite for something that promises enjoyment, satisfaction, and pleasure in its attainment; act of desiring creates fantasy

desire

27

mental representation of conscious or unconscious wish fulfillment; media artefacts are an expression of fantasy presented as reality

fantasy

28

a fantasy is not desire itself; it is a mental structure that contains the manifestation and achievement of desire

scene

29

the prolonging of lack; pleasure comes from not getting what we want but from pursuit in what we want

deferral

30

media’s frequent positioning of women as objects coded for strong visual and erotic impact
• Male/subject/looker and female/object looked at

The male gaze

31

The female gaze?

Female Spectatorship