Psychology-Tobacco and Smoking Cessation Flashcards Preview

CPR I > Psychology-Tobacco and Smoking Cessation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychology-Tobacco and Smoking Cessation Deck (16)
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1
Q

What race/ethnicity has the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking?

A

American Indian/Alaskan Native

2
Q

How does the prevalence of smoking relate to education, income and military rank?

A

It is inversely related

3
Q

What percentage of the world smokes? What percentage of U.S. adults smoke? What percentage of the D.O.D.?

A

24%. 19%. 24%.

4
Q

How many Americans die each day from tobacco use?

A

1200

5
Q

What percentage of people die that use cigarettes regularly?

A

Half

6
Q

What health hazards come hand-in-hand with cigarette smoking?

A

CV disease, cancer, lung damage, birth defects, peptic ulcers and allergies.

7
Q

In what ways does cigarette smoke affect those around the smoker?

A

Passive smoking (2nd hand). Third-hand smoke (on clothes and floors).

8
Q

What are four reasons people begin smoking?

A

Social (peer pressure), personal beliefs (grandparents smoke so it's okay), motivations (rebellion) and biological (better attention span) reasons.

9
Q

What advertising techniques exist for tobacco products?

A

Targeting of specific groups, hooks (sex appeal), subliminal messages and repetition.

10
Q

When did the healthcare community have enough evidence that smoking is bad that they had to advocate for non-smoking campaigns?

A

1988

11
Q

What is a large reason nicotine is so addictive?

A

Rewarding of dopamine release.

12
Q

What psychobiological effects does nicotine have on smokers?

A

Paired association, operant conditioning (dopamine), classical conditioning and cue reactivity.

13
Q

What methods need to be considered when someone is trying to quit smoking?

A

Psychological and pharmacological

14
Q

5 key steps for quitting smoking

A

1) Get ready 2) Get support 3) Learn new skills and behaviors 4) Get medication and use correctly 5) Be prepared for relapse and trials

15
Q

4 A's of smoking

A

Avoid triggers. Alter trigger strength by changing behaviors that lead to triggers. Alternative oral substances (gum). Activities that distract from cravings.

16
Q

What event led to tobacco companies being required to state ingredients on cigarette packs?

A

Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009.

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