Pump Ops Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pump Ops Chapter 3 Deck (107):
1

What is necessary to safely and efficiently complete the many tasks which a driver may be assigned:

Knowledge, maturity, sense of responsibility and mental aptitude.

Pg 80

2

Nfpa 1002 outlines?

Standard for fire apparatus driver operator qualifications

Pg 80

3

In addition to maintaining and enhancing skills some depts may require a:

Medical evaluation of the driver operators fitness for duty

Pg 80

4

Fire apparatus drivers must always exercise care:

For the safety of firefighter and civilians

Pg 83

5

You must maintain complete control,

Adjust speed for driving conditions and operated in a manner consistent with the professional image of the fire service.

Pg 83

6

Also be aware that you are subject to all:

Traffic regulation when driving under nonemergency conditions.

Pg 83

7

Unless specifically exempt, fire apparatus drivers are subject to:

Any statute, rule, regulation or ordinance that governs any other vehicle operator.

Pg 83

8

When driving to an emergency with lights and sirens you may be exempt from the following:

Speed limits
Direction of travel
Direction of turns
Paring statutes and ordinances

Pg 84

9

Negligence is usually found when:

The driver has been found guilty of a gross violation of standing laws, policies or ordinances

Pg 84

10

The driver operators most important responsibility is to:

Operate the apparatus safely during routine driving and while responding to emergency calls

Pg 84

11

The most common place for a collision to occur is:

At and intersection

Pg 85

12

A fire apparatus driver should maintain:

Situational awareness in order to lower the chances of being involved in a collision with an object pedestrian or other vehicle

Pg 85

13

Before allowing drivers to drive on public streets the should:

Complete training in a practice area or other controlled environment.

Pg 85

14

Finally drivers must always remember the have no control over:

The publics reaction to visual and audible warning devices

Pg 87

15

Only effective handling and braking techniques:

Ensure maximum braking efficiency

Pg 87

16

Unfamiliarity with the controls of driving characteristics of the apparatus may lead to:

A collision causing damage, injury or fatalities

Pg 88

17

A full water tank provides better:

Baking for the weight and subsquent road surface traction

Pg 88

18

Accidents can occur because of:

Overloading,
Non Engineered modifications and misuse
Pg 88

19

Mechanical failure during travel may be:

And immediate occurrence and give no warning resulting in an accident

Pg 89

20

The primary reason for daily pretrip inspections is to:

Minimize mechanical failures and enhance personnel and public safety

Pg 89

21

Causes of driver inpairment (although temporary) include

Substance abuse
Prescription or otc drug use
Personal issues such as divorce
Death in family
Illness
Depression
Fatigue
Pg 89

22

Drivers must always ensure the safety:

All personnel riding on the apparatus

Pg 90

23

All riders must be:

Seated within the cab or body and wearing their seat belts before the apparatus is put into motion.

Pg 90

24

When loading hose onto apparatus assign at least one member other than the driver and firefighters actually loading the hose

As a safety observer. The observer must have constant visual contact with hose loading operation as well as visual and voice communication (via radio) with the driver.

Pg 91

25

Close the area where hose is being loaded to

Vehicle traffic

Pg 91

26

Drive the apparatus only in a foreword motion straddling or to one side of the hose at a speed no greater than?

5mph

Pg91

27

When loading hose do not allow members to:

Stand on any portion of the apparatus while the vehicle is in motion

Pg91

28

When tiller training nfpa 1500 allows a detachable seat to be placed next to the tiller operators position for the instructor. The seat must be:

Firmly attached to the apparatus and allow the instructor to be belted in position. A helmet and eye protection must be worn if he is not seated in the enclosed area.

Pg93

29

Always face inward toward steps and handholds:

When entering exiting and climbing apparatus

Pg93

30

Do not step or climb upon any vehicle surface unless:

It is slip resistant and handholds are provided

Pg93

31

Always maintain ..... Points of contact when entering or exiting a vehicle

3

Pg 93

32

When preparing to start the apparatus whether for an emergency response or routine trip the driver must:

First know the destination and route of travel

Pg 94

33

If the apparatus makes frequent short runs or operates in very cold climates the exhaust may never get hot enough to:

Burn out the soot and an active regeneration is required

Pg 95

34

Active regeneration can occur in two manners:

In automatic mode or in manual (parked) mode

Pg 95

35

Failing to keep def tank full may:

Derate (reduce torque output) the apparatus engine or limit the vehicle speed

Pg 95

36

Top off the def tank:

Everytime the apparatus is fueled and carry a spare jug of def on the apparatus just in case

Pg95

37

The driver should never shut down the engine:

After a full load operation or when the temperature gauge indicates that the engine is overheated.

Pg95

38

After a full load idling 3-5 minutes is sufficent to cool the engine to normal operating temps. Failure to do so will result in:

Increase in engine temp do to lack of coolant circulating
Oil film burning on hot surfaces
Damage to head and exhaust manifolds
Damage to turbocharger that can seize the engine
Pg 96

39

Anytime a driver responsibility changes from on individual to another:

A mirror adjustment must take place at that time, or beginning of each shift

Pg 96

40

Once blind spots are identified, compensate for this lack of vision while driving by:

Slowing down before making turns or lane changes into areas where other vehicles or pedestrians may be hidden

Pg97

41

Angle of approach:

Angle formed by level ground and a line from he point where the front tires touch the ground to the lowest projection at the front of the apparatus

Pg 97

42

Angle of deperature:

Angle formed by level ground and a line from the point where the rear tires touch the ground to the lowest projection at the rear of the apparatus

Pg 97

43

Breakover angle

Angle formed by level ground and a line from the point where the rear tires touch the ground to the bottom of the frame at the wheelbase midpoint.

Pg 97

44

Whenever a vehicle undergoes a change in speed or direction:

Weight transfer takes place relative to the rate and degree of change

Pg 98

45

The driver should use only as much steering:

As needed to keep weight transfer to a minimum

Pg98

46

Steering should be accomplished in a :

Smooth and fluid motion rather than a series of multiple turn.

Pg 98

47

Weigh the apparatus after loading it with all equipment and personnel to ensure that:

The axle loading is balanced within 7% from side to side and within the ale weight ratings from front to back

Pg98

48

When downhill driving:

Use the service brake and auxiliary brake as well as manually shifting to lower gears to limit speed

Pg98

49

To prevent engine damage driving downhill:

Limit the downhill speed to lower than maximum rpm

Pg98

50

Engine lugging occurs when the:

Throttle is applied when a manual transmission is in too high a gear for the demand on the engine

Pg99

51

Drivers who cross railroad tracks must ensure that:

There will be room between the tracks and the stop light to fit the apparatus while the light is still red

Pg99

52

Drivers must recognize areas that may become slippery more easily such as:

Bridges and northern slopes of hills as well as areas prone to blowing and drifting snow

Pg99

53

It may take 3-15 times greater distance for a vehicle to:

Come to a complete stop on snow and ice than it does on dry pavement.

Pg 99

54

Anticipate that other drivers may not:

See, hear or respond appropriately to approaching apparatus

Pg 100

55

Use the following to help avoid potential collisions:

Aim high in steering
Get the big picture
Keep your eyes moving
Leave yourself and out
Maintain enough distance from the vehicle ahead to pull out of traffic safely if the need arises
Make sure that other can see and hear. You

Pg100

56

Use of warning devices should be limited to:

Response to true emergencies

Pg100

57

Audible warning devices may include:

Electronic or mechanical sirens as well as air horns

Pg101

58

Short air horn bursts and the constant up and dow oscillation of an electronic or mechanical siren may be:

The best way to get the attention of motorists

Pg101

59

At speeds above 50mph:

An emergency vehicle may outrun the effective range of its audible warning device

Pg101

60

In some instances increasing the speed of an apparatus by 20mph can decrease the audible distance by:

250'

Pg101

61

When more than one emergency vehicle is responding along the same route the should travel at least:

300 to 500 feet apart

62

Dim headlights and turn off spotlights in situations where the may:

Blind oncoming drivers

Pg 101

63

Even when traversing an intersection with a green light, maintain a speed that will:

Allow for a quick stop or safe evasive maneuver in case another vehicle should enter the intersection

Pg 102

64

All intersections with a red light should be approached with:

Extreme caution and the apparatus should be brought to a complete stop before proceeding

Pg102

65

Gps based traffic signal preemption operates automatically as long as:

The apparatus is in range and the transmitter is turned on

Pg103

66

...... Is the most likely place for a collision to occur involving an emergency vehicle:

Intersection

Pg 104

67

Make every attempt to make eye contact with other drivers to ensure:

That they are seen before proceeding

Pg 104

68

Drivers should be prepared for a driver of a private vehicle:

To pull to either side when yielding for the fire apparatus

Pg104

69

Driving into oncoming lane is not recommended in situations:

Where oncoming traffic is unable to see the apparatus

Pg104

70

Avoid passing other emergency vehicles if at all possible. If it is necessary coordinate these maneuvers by:

Radio with the slower vehicle pulling to the right to allow the faster vehicle to pass.

Pg104

71

When the driver releases pressure from the accelerator:

The engine brake or retarder is activated

Pg105

72

Visual lead time is:

The time needed to stop the apparatus or perform an evasive maneuver at the current rate of speed

Pg105

73

Driver operators establish visual lead time by:

Scanning their path of travel far enough ahead based upon their speed.

Pg 105

74

Your visual lead time determines whether or not:

Reaction time and stopping distances will be sufficient in an emergency. You must match the distance surveyed ahead of the vehicle with the speed of travel

Pg 105

75

The braking distance is:

The distance the vehicle travels from the time the brakes are applied until the apparatus comes to a complete stop.
Pg105

76

The total stopping distance is:

The sum of the driver reaction distance and the vehicles braking ditance

Pg105

77

Reaction distance is:

The distance traveled while the driver transfers his foot from the accelerator to the brake pedal

Pg105

78

Other factors that affect the drivers ability to stop the apparatus include:

Road conditions
Speed of apparatus
Weight of the vehicle
Type and condition of vehicles tires and braking system

79

In an acceleration skid:

The drive wheels lose traction on the road surface

Pg108

80

To maintain control of an acceleration skid the driver must:

Not apply the brakes, ease off the accelerator, and straighten out the front wheels as the vehicle begins to respond

Pg108

81

A locked wheel skid generally results from:

Braking too hard at a high rate of speed

Pg108

82

To control a locked wheel skid:

Ease off the brake to unlock the drive wheels and then straighten the front wheels as the apparatus begins to respond to control

Pg108

83

When driving a vehicle equipped with abs the driver should:

Maintain a steady pressure on the brake pedal, rather than pumping the pedal until the apparatus comes to a complete stop.

Pg 109

84

There are four types of auxiliary brakes to aid the foundation brakes in slowing the vehicle:

Exhaust brakes
Engine compression brake
Transmission output retarder
Electromagnetic retarder

Pg 109

85

Transmission output retarders and electromagnetic retarders provide the:

Highest level of braking torque and are unaffected by transmission gear shift changes

Pg109

86

The least capable of the 4 auxiliary brake devices is the:

Exhaust brake

Pg110

87

Recommended backing policies:

If possible position the apparatus so that backing will not be necessary
Wall all the way around the apparatus to clear any obstructions
Ensure that all equipment is secured and compartment doors are closed
Require the use of one or more spotters
Preposition lights to illuminate the area where the spotter will stand 8-10 feet behind the apparatus
Back the apparatus at a very slow speed to not outpace the spotters
Use portable radios if feasible
Use backup cameras in addition to mirrors if so equipped
Sound two short blasts of the vehicles horn immediately before backing
Avoid mounting equipment on the apparatus that may interfere with the drivers rear visibility

Pg 113

88

To safely back the fire apparatus drivers should:

Use all mean at their disposal including scanning between their dirrect field of vision video screens and spotters

Pg113

89

Backing communications methods between individuals can be accomplished via:

Radio or hand signals

Pg114

90

Voice contact when backing is of unreliable because:

Engine noise distance and local ambient noise

Pg114

91

All firefighters performing spotting duties should be wearing:

A reflective safety vest

92

If anytime during backing operations the driver loses sight of the spotter or feels unsafe he should:

Stop, set the brake get out of the apparatus and check that everyone involved understands the plan backing the apparatus

Pg114

93

When preparing to back the apparatus the spotter should be positioned:

In the vision of the driver preferable in the left mirror approx 8-10 feet behind and slightly to the left of the apparatus.

Pg114

94

On occasion the spotter should position in view of the driver in the right mirror depending on:

Hazards present always slightly behind and outside the apparatus

Pg114

95

Once the spotters position has been established he should:

Not change mirrors

Pg 114

96

Generally the best side for the spotter is on the:

Drivers size of the apparatus if there is only one spotter

Pg114

97

Backing straight: the apparatus moves only when:

The spotter moves his forearms. If the spotter fails to motion the driver stops the apparatus

Pg115

98

Slowing down while backing:

The spotter motions with the arms outstretched to the sides with palms facing down to slow down. The spotter should raise and lower the palms straight up and down.

Pg116

99

If an urgent stop is required:

Tap the crossed forearms together in an exaggerated manner and use a voice to command stop now

100

Spotter should also watch for:

Tree limbs, low overhead wires sign posts and other possible hazards

Pg 116

101

The tiller operators driving assignments include:

Straight line driving
Turning and backing
Proper placement of the trailer at fires
Pg 117

102

The tiller operator shares the driver responsibility for:

The safety of the public and other vehicles when responding to or returning from alarms

Pg117

103

Swing up compartment door should always be:

Shut when not in use to avoid the potential that personnel working on top of the apparatus can mistake an open horizontal door for a walking surface

Pg119

104

Before ever placing the apparatus in motion the driver should ensure that:

Any hose carried on the apparatus will not come loose during travel

Pg120

105

Nfpa 1901 specifies that any equipment not needed while driving to the scene must be:

Secured in brackets or contained in a storage cabinet. The bracket or cabinet must be capable of restraining the equipment against a force of up to ten times the equipments weight

Pg120

106

Never attempt to remove any inlet or discharge cap on an apparatus until making certain there is:

No trapped pressure. Open the bleeder valve or drain valve between the control valve and the cap to ensure that any trapped pressure is released

Pg122

107

One sign of trapped pressure is:

The cap does not turn easily

Pg 122