Flashcards in Ch 1. Types Of Apparatus W/ A Pump Deck (43):
The fire department pumper is the core unit of the fire service and is sometimes expected to fill several roles such as:
Rescue, hazardous materials or medical responses
Fire apparatus are classified according to:
Their primary function for which they are designed
Fire apparatus are classified according to:
The primary function for which they are designed
The fire department pumper is the core unit of the fire service and is sometimes expected to fill several roles such as
Rescue, hazmat, or medical response
The main purpose of a fire dept. pumper is to
Provide adequate water pressure for effective fire streams.
Nfpa 1901 specifies a minimum pump capacity of... And water tank capacity of...
Pump 750 with each increase in increments of 250
In addition to a fire pump the apparatus must be equipped with:
Intake and discharge pump connections, pump controls and gauges, as well as a variety of hose sizes and types. The hoses include intake, supply, and attack hose.
Equipment commonly found on pumpers:
Forcible entry tools
Salvage tools and equipment
Portable water tank
Emergency medical equipment
The foam proportioning systems commonly found on municipal fire pumpers are:
Scaled down versions of those used for industrial fire pumpers. Foam tanks usually range from 20-100 gallons.
The articulating or telescoping devices most commonly combined with pumpers generally range in height from:
Mini pumper and midi pumper define pumping apparatus:
Smaller than a full size pumper
Categorizing pumping apparatus and mobile water supply apparatus based on capability.
Mobile water supply apparatus, as stated in nfpa 1901 are equipped with a tank capacity of at least:
Mobile water supply apparatus (tenders and tankers) are used:
To transport water to areas where a water system is nonexistent or inadequate.
Mobile water supply apparatus h ave 2 basic functions on the fireground:
1. The water tender may be used in a mobile shuttle operation
2. The apparatus may also be used as a stationary reservoir or nurse tender.
Combating wildland fires requires an apparatus design that is:
Lightweight, highly maneuverable, and all-terrain.
A pump and roll system uses a seperate:
Motor or a power take off (pto) to power the fire pump.
Arff apparatus are used to provide:
Immediate suppression of flammable liquid fires and suppression of vapors from fuel spills.
Nfpa 414 standard for arff vehicles classifies apparatus by:
The type of suppression agents carried, agent capacity, or numbers of drive wheels.
Local jurisdictions devide arff apparatus into 3 general categories:
Major fire fighting vehicles
Rapid intervention vehicles
Combined agent vehicles
Jurisdictions may use fireboats to protect hazards:
On and adjacent to waterways.
Functions of modern fireboats include:
Ice and water rescue,
Emergency medical services
And relay pumping to land based apparatus.
Some fireboats have capacities as high as ....... Gpm. Individual mater streams devices on vessels may discharge large volumes of water sometimes in excess of.....
50,000 gpm capacity
10,000 gpm discharges
Arial apparatus equipped with a fire pump should always be positioned with consideration:
Of the reach of the aerial device.
A quint is an apparatus equipped with:
Fire pump, water tank, hose, aerial device, and ground ladders. The pump must be rated at 1000 gpm and have a tank of at least 300 gallons.
Rescue apparatus equipped with fire pumps.
These units are often designed with the pump panel and:
One or more preconnected hoselines housed in a compartment, or the front bumper.
These are not the same as rescue pumpers as they do not have the same fire fighting capabilities as full size pumpers. Pg 22
Long term pumping operations, such as those involving fires at petroleum storage facilities or landfills, may be suitable for the deployment of:
Trailer mounted pumps in order to release standard fire dept pumpers fore response to other incidents.
The driver is responsible for the operation of:
Apparatus mounted special systems as well as the fire pump.
Inverters can be used to convert a vehicles 12-24 volt dc current into:
110-220 volt ac current
Inverters have the advantage of:
Fuel efficiency as well as nearly noiseless operation. However the can be moved only short distance away from vehicle and have small power supply capabilities. They are typically used to power veh mounted floodlights
Inverters can be operated in the compartment of and apparatus, or:
Carrie to a remote location
Generators are the most common power source used for emergency services. They may be operated:
In a compartment or carried to a remote location
The typical largest capacity of a generator is :
Typically vehicle mounted generators have a larger capacity than:
Vehicle mounted generators proved power for apparatus flood lights as well as portable equipment. The are equipped as follows:
Powered by gas,diesel, pto, or hydraulic systems
Have 110 and 220 capabilites
Have capacities up to 12,000 watts
Rescue apparatus or other specailized units may feature fixed generator systems with capacities of:
50,000 watts or greater
The lighting equipment carried on pumping apparatus may be portable or fixed. Ranging from ..... To .....watts
300 to 1000 watts
Some apparatus are equipped with banks of lights mounted on booms that are powered by:
Electric pneumatic or hydraulic systems.
Banks of lights on booms have a capacity of .... To .... Watts per light
500 to 1500 watts per light
Electrical cords may be stored on apparatus in:
Coils, portable reels, or fixed automatic rewind reels.
Junction boxes are used to:
Supply power to several connections from one supply source.
The most common rescue tools found on pumping apparatus include:
Extrication equipment spreaders, shears
All tools are powered by hydraulic pressure or compressed air, or apparatus pto systems