Quiz 2a (10.01.2020) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 2a (10.01.2020) Deck (20)
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1

Ionic bonds - Which occur between metals and nonmetals - involve the ___ of electrons from one atom to another

transfer

2

When a metal interacts with a nonmetal, it can transfer one or more of its electrons to the nonmetal. The metal atom then becomes a ______. The nonmetal atom then becomes an ____.

cation; anion

3

Covalent bonds - which occur between two or more nonmetals - involve the ____ of electrons between two atoms

sharing

4

When a nonmetal bonds with a _____, neither atom transfers its electron to the other. Instead the bonding atoms share some of their electrons.

nonmetal

5

Many common ionic compounds contain ions that are themselves composed of group of ___ bonded atoms with an overall charge

covalently

6

Most polyatomic ions are ____, containing oxygen and another element.

oxyanions

7

When a series of oxyanions contains different number of oxygen atoms, they are named according to the number of ___ atoms in the ion

oxygen

8

_____ are ionic compounds containing a specific number of water molecules associated with each formula unit

hydrates

9

What are the hydrate prefixes?

hemi, mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa

10

Acids are ____ compounds that release ____ ions when dissolved in water

molecular; hydrogen

11

Acids are composed of hydrogen, usually written first in their formula, and one or more ____ written second

nonmetals

12

What does aqueous mean?

dissolved in water

13

A compound is not considered an acid if it does not __

dissolve in water

14

_____acids have H+ cation and a nonmetal anion

binary

15

_____ have H+ cation and polyatomic anion

oxyacids

16

Which acids have a hydro- prefix and ending changed to -ic? (followed by the name acid)

binary acids

17

When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic name ends in -ate, then change the ending to ____ (write the name acid at the end)

-ic

18

When naming oxyacids, if polyatomic ion name ends in -ite, then change ending to ___ (write the word acid at the end)

-ous

19

A base is generally an _____ compound that produces ____ when dissolved in water

ionic; hydroxide

20

Bases are named in the same way as ____

other ionic compounds