Flashcards in Quiz 2a (10.01.2020) Deck (20)
Ionic bonds - Which occur between metals and nonmetals - involve the ___ of electrons from one atom to another
When a metal interacts with a nonmetal, it can transfer one or more of its electrons to the nonmetal. The metal atom then becomes a ______. The nonmetal atom then becomes an ____.
Covalent bonds - which occur between two or more nonmetals - involve the ____ of electrons between two atoms
When a nonmetal bonds with a _____, neither atom transfers its electron to the other. Instead the bonding atoms share some of their electrons.
Many common ionic compounds contain ions that are themselves composed of group of ___ bonded atoms with an overall charge
Most polyatomic ions are ____, containing oxygen and another element.
When a series of oxyanions contains different number of oxygen atoms, they are named according to the number of ___ atoms in the ion
_____ are ionic compounds containing a specific number of water molecules associated with each formula unit
What are the hydrate prefixes?
hemi, mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa
Acids are ____ compounds that release ____ ions when dissolved in water
Acids are composed of hydrogen, usually written first in their formula, and one or more ____ written second
What does aqueous mean?
dissolved in water
A compound is not considered an acid if it does not __
dissolve in water
_____acids have H+ cation and a nonmetal anion
_____ have H+ cation and polyatomic anion
Which acids have a hydro- prefix and ending changed to -ic? (followed by the name acid)
When naming oxyacids, if the polyatomic name ends in -ate, then change the ending to ____ (write the name acid at the end)
When naming oxyacids, if polyatomic ion name ends in -ite, then change ending to ___ (write the word acid at the end)
A base is generally an _____ compound that produces ____ when dissolved in water