Quiz 2b (10.08.2020) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 2b (10.08.2020) Deck (15)
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1

Organic compounds are mainly made of __ and ___, sometimes with O, N, P, S, and trace amounts of other elements.

carbon; hydrogen

2

Carbon atoms bond almost exclusively ____.

covalently

3

Compounds with ionic bonding C are generally ____.

inorganic

4

When C bonds, it forms__.

four covalent bonds

5

Carbon is unique in that___.

it can form limitless chains of C atoms

6

Organic compounds can be categorized into types: ____

hydrocarbons and functionalized hydrocarbons

7

Hydrocarbons containing only single bonds are called ____.

alkanes

8

Hydrocarbons containing double bonds are called ___.

alkenes

9

Hydrocarbons containing triple bonds are called ___

alkynes

10

Name the base names for hydrocarbons

meth, eth, prop, but, pent, hex, hept, oct, non, dec

11

Name the suffixes for hydrocarbons

ane, ene, yne

12

The base name of hydrocarbons are determined by___

# of Carbons

13

The suffixes of hydrocarbons are determined by____

presence of multiple bonds

14

The term ______ ___ derives from the functionality or chemical character that a specific atom or group of atoms imparts to an organic compound

functional group

15

A group of organic compounds with the same functional group forms a ___.

family