Quiz 3 Nose Mouth and Throat Flashcards Preview

Health assessment > Quiz 3 Nose Mouth and Throat > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 3 Nose Mouth and Throat Deck (37):
1

nose

first segment of respiratory system

2

nose function

warms, moistens, and filters the inhaled air, sensory organ for smell

3

vibrissae

nasal hairs that line the nasal cavity

4

deciduous

temporary teeth

5

saliva

acts as a solvent for food flavors and helps move food around the mouth

6

Bifid Uvula

a condition in which the uvula is split either completely or partially

7

Torus Palantinus

a benign bony ridge running in the middleof the hard palate

8

Leukoedema

milky, bluish-white, opaque appearance of the buccal mucossa, looks grayish with age

9

natal teeth

baby born with teeth

10

rhinorrhea

discharge from nose due to colds, allergies, sinus infection, trauma

11

epistaxis

nosebleeds

12

untreated strep throat

can lead to complication of rheumatic fever

13

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

14

chronic sinusitis

diffuse swelling of all sinus mucosa

15

enlarged tongue

indicative of mental retardation, hypothyroidism, acromegaly

16

small tongue

indicative of malnutrition

17

indurated area

indicative of a mass or lymphadenopathy

18

Stensen's Duct

opening of the parotid salivary gland

19

Fordyce Granules

small, isolated white or yellow papules on the mucosa of cheek, tongue and lips - painless, non-significant

20

Torus Palatinus

nodular bony ridge down the middle o the hard palate

21

CN XII - hypoglossal - test

sticking out the tongue

22

fine tremor

indicative of hyperthroidism

23

coarse tremor

indicative of cerebral palsy or alcoholism

24

sweet, fruity breath

indicative of diabetic ketoacidosis

25

acetone breath

indicative of malnutrition or dehydation

26

ammonia breath

indicative of uremia

27

musty breath

indicative of liver disease

28

foul / fetid breath

indicative of dental or respiratory infection

29

mouse-like breath

indicative of dipptheria

30

xerostomia

dry mouth, side effect of many drugs

31

suckling tubercle

a small pad in the middle of the upper lip from friction of breastfeeding or bottle-feeding

32

Epstein pearls

small, whitish, glistening, pearly papules along the media raphe of the hard palate and on the gums

33

Bednar Aphthae

traumatic areas or ulcers on the posterior hard palate om either side of the midline - result of abrasion while suckling

34

malocclusion

upper or lower dental arches are out of alignment

35

ankyloglossia

short lingual frenulum, can limit protrusion and impair speech development

36

very narrow or high arch

indicative of Turner's syndrome, Ehler-Danlos syndrome, Marfans, syndrome and Treacher Collins syndrome

37

edentulous

mouth and lips fold in; purse-string" appearance