Quiz 3 Thorax and Lungs A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 3 Thorax and Lungs A Deck (69):
1

a bony structure with a conical shape, which is narrower at the top
a. sternum
b. spinous process
c. scapula

Thoracic cage

2

how many pairs of ribs are there?
how many thoracic vertebrae are there?

12
12

3

a musculotendinous septum that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdomen.
A. diaphragm
B. apex
C. base
D. scalenus muscle

A. diaphragm

4

where are the first 7 ribs attached?
A. to the costal cartilages above them
b. directly to the sternum via their costal cartilages

b. directly to the sternum via their costal cartilages

5

where are ribs 8, 9, and 10 attached?
A. directly to the sternum via their costal cartilages
b. to the costal cartilages above them

b. to the costal cartilages above them

6

where are ribs 11 and 12 attached
A. to the costal cartilages above them
B. directly to the sternum via their costal cartilages
c. ribs 11 and 12 are floating ribs

c. ribs 11 and 12 are floating ribs

7

are the points at which the ribs join their cartilages.
a. costochondral junctions
b. ribs 11 and 12 are floating ribs

a. costochondral junctions

8

hollow U-shaped depression just above the sternum, in between the clavicles
a. sternum
b. vertebra promines
c. suprasternal notch
d. sternum

suprasternal notch

9

the sternum the breast bone has 3 parts
a. intercostal, manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process
b. the manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process
c. manubrium, body, clavicle
d. the scalenun, body, xiphoid

b. the manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process.

10

the "angle of Louis," this is the articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum, and it is continuous with the second rib
acostal angle.
a. manubrium
b. vertebra prominens
c.spinous processess
d.sternal angle

d. sternal angle

11

the right and left costal margins form an angle where they meet at the xiphoid process.
a.vertebra prominens
b. spinous processess
c. costal angle
d. xiphoid process

.c. costal angle

12

the most prominent bony spur protruding at the base of the neck; this is the spinous process of C7
a. spinous process
b. vertebra prominens
c. inferior border of the scapula

b. vertebra prominens

13

knobs on the vertebrae which stack together to form the spinal column.
a vertebra prominens
b spinous process
c sternum

spinous processes

14

inferior border of the scapula is the

the lower tip is usually at the 7th or 8th rib

15

bisects the center of each clavicle at a point halfway between the palpated sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints.

midclavicular line

16

extends through the inferior angle of the scapula when the arms are at the sides of the body.

.scapular line

17

a line that extends down from the anterior axillary fold where the pectoralis major muscle inserts

anterior axillary

18

a line continues down from the the posterior axillary fold where the latissimus dorsi muscle inserts the

posterior axillary

19

a line runs down from the apex of the axilla and lies between and parallel to the other two

midaxillary line

20

the middle section of the thoracic cavity containing the esophagus, trachea, heart, and great vessels.

mediastinum

21

contain the lungs and are on either side of the mediastinumpleural

pleural cavities

22

the highest point of the lungs, is 3 to 4cm above the inner third of the clavicles

apex

23

the lower border, rests on the diaphragm at about the 6th rib in the midclavicular line

base

24

Which lung is shorter? r or l lung
why

the right lung because of the underlying liver.

25

Which lung is narrower? r or l lung
why

the left lung because the heart bulges to the left

26

How many lobes does the right lung have?How many lobes does the left lung have?

3 lobes
2 Lobes

27

crosses the 5th rib in the midaxillary line and terminates at the 6th rib in the midclavicular

oblique fissue

28

divides the right upper and middle lobes; it extends from the 5th rib in the right midaxillary line to the 3 intercostal space or 4 rib at the right sternal border

borderhorizontal fissure

29

serous membranes that form an envelope between the lungs and the chest wall

.pleurae

30

lines the outside of the lungs dipping down into the fissures

visceral pleura

31

lining the inside of the chest wall and diaphragm

parietal pleura

32

a potential space formed by the pleurae extending about 3cm below the level of the lungs

costodiaphragmatic recess

33

lies anterior to the esophagus and is 10 to 11cm long in the adult; it begins at the level of the cricoid cartilage in the neck and bifurcates just below the sternal angle into the right and left main bronchi

trachea

34

space that is filled with air but is not available for gaseous exchange

dead space

35

a functional respiratory unit that consists of the bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, and the alveoli. acinus

acinus

36

1) supplying oxygen to the body for energy production 2) removing carbon dioxide as a waster product of energy reactions 3) maintaining homeostasis 4) maintaining heat exchange The four functions of the respiratory system

The four functions of the respiratory system

37

slow, shallow breathing

hypoventilation

38

rapid, deep breathing; an increase in both rate and depth

hyperventilation

39

increase of carbon dioxide in the blood

hypercapnia

40

decrease of oxygen in the blood

hypoxemia

41

is the physical act of breathing
((inspiration, expiration or respiration))

respiration

42

air rushes into the lungs as the chest size increases
((inspiration, expiration or respiration))

inspiration

43

expelled from the lungs as the chest recoils
((inspiration, expiration or respiration))

expiration

44

the complex lipid substance needed for sustained inflation of the air sacs, is present in adequate amounts

surfactant

45

the maximum amount of air that a person can expel from the lungs after first filling the lungs to maximum
a. decrease vital capacity
b increased residual volume


a. decrease vital capacity

46

the amount of air remaining in the lungs even after the most forceful expiration.
a. decreased vital capicity
b. increased residual volume


b. increased residual volume

47

hemoptysis

coughing up blood

48

difficulty breathing when supine orthopnea

orthopnea

49

is awakening from sleep with SOB and needing to be upright to achieve comfort.

paroxysmal noctural dyspnea

50

night sweats

diaphoresis

51

occurs when anything obstructs transmission of vibrations
a. increased fremitus
b. rhonchal fremitus
c. decreased fremitus
d. pleural friction

c. decreased fremitus

52

occurs with compression or consolidation of lung tissue
a. increased fremitus
b. rhonchal fremitus
c. pleural friction fremitus
d. rhonchal fremitus

a. increased fremitus

53

is palpable with thick bronchial secretions
a. increased fremitus
b. rhonchal fremitus
c. decreased fremitus
d. pleural friction fremitus

b. rhonchal fremitus

54

is palpable with inflammation of the parietal or visceral pleura causing a decrease in the normal lubricating fluid.
a. increased fremitus
b. pleural friction fremitus
c. decreased fremitus
d. rhonchial fremitus

pleural friction fremitus

55

a coarse, crackling sensation palpable over the skin surface.
a dull
b. resonance
c. hypersonance
d. crepitus

d. crepitus

56

is the low-pitched, clear, hollow sound that predominates in healthy lung tissue in the adult
a. dull
b hyperresonance
c. resonance
d. crepitus

resonance

57

is a lower-pitched, booming sound found when too much air is present, such as in emphysema or pneumothorax
a. dull
b. hyperresonance
c. resonance
d. dull


b. hyperresonance

58

soft, muffled thud
a. dull
b. hyperresonance
c. resonance
d. crepitus

soft, muffled thud dull

59

a percussion to map out the lower lung border
a. increased breath sounds.
b. diaphragmatic excursion
c. adventitious sounds
d. atelectatic crackles

b. diaphragmatic excursion

60

sounds are louder than they should be
a. atelectatic crackles
b. adventitious sounds
c.. diaphragmatic excursion
d. increased breath sounds

d. increased breath sounds

61

added sounds that are not normally heard in the lungs
a. atelectatic crackles
b. diaphragmatic excursion
c. adventitious sounds
d. increased breath sounds

c. adventitious sounds

62

short, popping, crackling sounds that sound like fine crackles but do not last beyond a few breaths a. atelectatic crackles
b. diaphragmatic excursion
c. adventitious sounds
d.increased breath sounds

breathsatelectatic crackles

63

the number of seconds it takes for the person to exhale from total lung capacity to residual volume.
a. atelectasis
b. crackles
c forced expiratoy air

forced expiratory time

64

measures lung health in chronic conditions such as asthma spirometer

spirometer

65

forced vital capacity FVC
a. forced expiratory volume in 1 second FEV1
b. the total volume of air exhaled

b. the total volume of air exhaled

66

forced expiratory volume in 1 second FEV1
a. the total volume of air exhaled
b. the volume exhaled in the first measured second

b. the volume exhaled in the first measured second

67

pulse oximeter

a noninvasive method to assess arterial oxygen saturation

68

a safer, simpler, inexpensive, clinical measure of functional status in aging adults.

6 minute distance 6MD walk

69

measures the successful transition of extrauterine life

apgar scoring system