Quiz 3 study guide Flashcards Preview

CDE 232 > Quiz 3 study guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 3 study guide Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...

Obesity stats in elementary school and past 30 years

Obesity is increasing for middle childhood. 15-20% of elementary children are overweight or obese. In 30 years obesity is up 90%


Physical education drop and television percents

80-8% drop in physical education between 1969 and 2005. Television plays a role in obesity with at least 2 hours a day. Children who watch 3 hours a day gained 40% more fat than children who watched 1 ½. The gene FTO increases risk for obesity


Strategies against obesity

Top strategies for obesity: Importance of planning and preparation. Preparing meals ahead of time. Let children cook (teaches math and reading and measurments), these children can do this theyre old enough to do everything with supervision. Try to do physical activities. Model healthy food. Let children do physical activities in school.


ADHD stats

7% diagnosed from pediatrician
Selective attention- cant multi task
90% use medication but treatment with medicine is btter
Boys twice as likely



memorization strategies such as rehearsal, organization, and elaboration



understanding how memory works



making words into easier things to remember. EGBDF (Every good boy does fine).



repeating information over and over



grouping up things so they are easier to memorize. Catergory acts as a retrieval cue so that if the category is remembered so will all the items be remembered



Arrange things in logical order



More categories for one thing



Relationship between seriation (height- shortest to tallest) and logical inferences.


Critiques of intelligence testing as they relate to culture

Mental age divided by chronological age times 100 is how its made.
Two main criticisms- does not consider creativity and culturally biased


Kohlberg's Level 1 (Pre-Conventional)

(external rewards shape morality)
1. Obedience and punishment orientation
(How can I avoid punishment?)
2. Self-interest orientation
(What's in it for me?)
(Paying for a benefit)


Kohlberg's Level 2 (Conventional)

(define what’s right and wrong because of rules)
3. Interpersonal accord and conformity
(Social norms)
(The good boy/girl attitude)
4. Authority and social-order maintaining orientation
(Law and order morality)


Kohlberg's Level 3 (Post-Conventional)

(there is rules but also gray zones)
5. Social contract orientation
6. Universal ethical principles
(Principled conscience)
Ex: shouldn’t steal unless you have to live


Mood during Middle Childhood – how does mood compare to prior and later developmental stages

Happier than adolesences. 28-30% of the time theyre very happy.


Self esteem

overall worth and well being


Self concept

what you identify with or what you identify with (how you answer when people ask who you are) Ex: middle childhood says they like painting even though they aren’t good. Asian countries are less prideful than america


Self efficacy

changes depending on context (confidence in acitivities)


Social cognition

ability to think logically about things


Emotion changes in middle childhood

Children aware of emotions and the cause of them. Also better at dealing with emotions. Aware of others emotions especially close family and friends.


Popular peers

friendly and not disliked. Large number of social skills. Good listeners. Positive reinforcement of behavior. Communication of disapproval. Tend to be happy kids.



best friend and someone you really don’t like. Charismatic. Leadership skills. If your their friend they’re awesome but if not you hate them. Can be bullies.



kids don’t know who they are. Not in a bad way just they are shy or over looked. They lack social skills and need just a few friends and they will be okay.



peers that are kicked out of groups. They are conflictual and wan things their way. Aggressive to show needs. If they group up together they become worse. Kids turn into bullies (bullies= aggressive in verbal or physical, repetitive, and power imbalance).


Parenting in Middle Childhood : co –regulation, what parenting strategies work during this time period

Co regulation- parents provide broad sense of guidelines and have much freedom. (you can do all this but you have to clean after). Super strict parents are not good.
After school activities because there is a lot of time after school


Puberty facts to know

Androgen for boys
Hormones cause emotional swings partially
Stress, overweight, and genetics cause early puberty


Differences in outcomes for late vs early maturers for girls and boys

Early girls- compared to people around you. Most problematic. More risk for teen pregnancy, lack of support, depression, eating disorders, older girls as friends-substance abuse
Late girls- lots of support, normal rate compared to boys, girls already happened. No problems
Early boys- beneficial to self esteem, more popular athletic, attractive
Late boys- last ones to go through it, bullied, self contious, shy. Once done itll be fine though


Eating disorders – symptoms and prevalence

60% of girls think they weight to much and 30% of boys
90% of eating disorders with females
20% of girls in high school engage in eating disorders
Anorexia- 85% under BMI
Belemia- more common and its binge eating and then getting rid of it