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1

Historicism refers to the belief that

The past should be studied for its own sake without attempting to show the relationship between past and present

2

A psychologist who believes that human behavior is indeed determined but the causes can never be accurately known would be a:

Indeterminist

3

The _______ tends to assume that the human mind takes in information actively

Rationalist

4

The position on the mind-body question claiming that mental and bodily events are coordinated through God's intervention is called:

Occasionalism

5

Presentism assumes that

The present state of a discipline is its best, most fully developed state

6

The belief that human behavior is determined but the causes of behavior cannot be accurately measured is most compatible with:

A. Feyerabend's anarchy principal
B. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
C. Poppers robust determinism
D. Kuhn's preparadigmatic determinism

B. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle

7

_______ maintains that life can never be completely explained in terms of material things and mechanical laws

Vitalism

8

The contention that what we experience mentally accurately reflects the physical world is called:

Naïve realism

9

If any conceivable observation supports a theory, popper would conclude that the theory is:

Weak

10

For popper, a nonscientific theory:

A. Is insignificant
B. Is unimportant
C. Can still be useful
D. Is especially useful

Can still be useful

11

The __________ believes that because cognitive processes such as intentions, values, and beliefs intervene between experience and behavior, humans are responsible for their actions

A. Hard determinist
B. Soft determinist
C. Indeterminist
D. All of these choices

B. Soft determinist

12

According to the author of your text, which of the following would be an appropriate part of the answer to the question, "is psychology a science?"

A. Some aspects of psychology are scientific
B. Some aspects of psychology are not yet scientific but someday they may be
C. Some aspects of psychology will probably never be scientific
D. All of these choices are appropriate answers

D. All of these choices are appropriate answers

13

The approach to writing a history of psychology that combines the best of several approaches is referred to as:

Eclecticism

14

The __________ stresses a persons beliefs, emotions, perceptions, values, and goals as determinants of behavior

Psychical determinist

15

According to Aristotle, the ______ kept an object moving or developing in it's prescribed direction until its full potential was reached

Entelechy

16

According to Plato, whether one is a philosopher-king, a soldier, or a slave, is largely determined by:

Biological inheritance

17

Protagorus, the best known Sophist, presented the sophists position. Which of the following is not representative of the position?

A. Truth depends on the perceiver, not on physical reality
B. Perceptions vary from person to person because previous experiences of individuals affect their perceptions
C. What is truth is not affected by the culture in which one lives
D. To understand why a person believes as he or she does, one must understand the person

C. What is truth is not affected by the culture in which one lives

18

According to Aristotle, _____ was explained as the lingering effects of sensory experience

Imagination

19

Gorgias was a solipsist because he believed that:

A. We can be aware only of our own experiences and mental states
B. There are three objective ways of determining truth
C. Some beliefs are more true than others
D. The effect of words on the mind is like the effect of drugs on the body

A. We can be aware only of our own experiences and mental states

20

Empedocles assumed that perception resulted when:

Eidola entered the pores of the body and mixed with the elements found in the blood

21

According to Aristotle, ____ possess a soul

All living things

22

Socrates used the method of ___ to determine what all examples of a concept such as beauty had in common

Inductive definition

23

Projecting human attributes onto nature is called

Anthropomorphism

24

According to Plato, direct examination of the empirical world via sensory experience resulted in:

Ignorance or, at best, opinion

25

Because Gorgias believed that there is no objective way of establishing truth, he was a:

Nihilist

26

Parmenides believed that knowledge is attained only through rational thought because sensory experience provides:

Illusion

27

According to the author of your text, magic, religion, philosophy, and science can all be viewed as efforts to:

Predict and control nature

28

According to the sophists, what is it that determines whether an idea is accepted?

How effectively the idea is communicated

29

According to Aristotle, ___ was a spontaneous recollection of something that had been previously experienced and ___ involves an actual mental search for a past experience

Remembering; recall

30

Those who said so called universals were nothing more than convenient verbal labels were called:

Nominalists