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Flashcards in Real Buzzwords Deck (43):
1

Cherry red spot at the macula

Central retinal artery occlusion

2

"Tear drop" or "blood level in sinus"

Blow out fracture

3

Failure to adduct, what is this condition and what causes it?

Internuclear opthalmoplegia
-caused by damage to medial longitudinal fasciculus

4

Pain on eye movement

Optic neuritis
-most often caused by MS

5

What is optic neuritis?

Optic neuritis (ON; see the image below) is a demyelinating inflammation of the optic nerve that often occurs in association with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO).
A gradual recovery of visual acuity with time is characteristic of ON, although permanent residual deficits in color vision and contrast and brightness sensitivity are common.

6

Curtain coming down

Less <5 mins = amurosis fugax
More than 5 mins = retinal detachment

7

Flashes and floaters

Retinal detatchment

8

Phohophobia

Anterior uveitis

9

Gritty

Bacterial conjunctivitis or sub-tarsal foreign body

10

Watery and pain and pre-auricular lymph nodes

Viral conjunctivitis

11

Silver/copper wiring

HTN eye disease

12

Loss of red reflex, eye red on opthalmoscopy

Haemorrhage

13

New vessels and haemorrhage

ARMD wet

14

Follicular conjunctivitis

Chlamydia

15

Pinpoint pupils

Pontine issue e.g. pontine lesion

16

Dilated pupils

Trans-calcrine fracture

17

Different sized pupil

Damage to CNIII (or sympathetic chain in Horners)

18

Down and out dilated

Damage to CNIII

19

Down and out, not dilated

Diabetes

20

Roth spots

Infective endocarditis

21

Brushfield spots

Downs syndrome

22

Scrambled egg/egg yolk appearance of macula

Best disease

23

Fluid level behind drum
Retracted drum
Dull colour

Otitis media with effusion

24

Difficulty at school and have to shout loud to hear

Hearing loss OME

25

Feeling of fullness in the ear

Meniere's disease

26

Loss of corneal reflex (+sensorineural hearing loss, vertigo and tinnitus)

Acoustic Neuroma (vesibular schwannoma)
Think NF II

27

Battle sign

Brusing on the skull behind the ear
Very specific to mastoid process of temporal bone fractures

28

Pearly whit on otoscopy and foul, cheesy discharge

Cholesteatoma

29

Saddle nose

Wegeners granulomatosis

30

Edwards chromosome

18

31

Patau chromosome

13

32

ADHD triad

Hyperative
Inattentive
Impulsive

33

Drug treatment for ADHD

Methylphenidate or atomexitine

34

Autism triad

Social interaction & emotional
Imagination
Language + communication

35

What is aspergers

Form of autism where there is only a problem with social communication

36

Statin and which type of juice

Grapefruit juice

37

Metronidazole and which popular beverage

Alcohol

38

Warfarin and which type of juice

Cranberry

39

ACEi and which drug will cause hyperkalaemia?

Spironolactone

40

Do not give spironolactone with this type of drug in case of hyperkalemia

ACEi

41

Digoxin toxicity occurs when you give digoxin with which drug?

Verapamil

42

What is serotenin syndrome and which drugs in combination would cause it?

Serotonin syndrome = hyperthermia, tremor and cardiovascular

Fluoxetine and phenelzine

43

Fluoxetine and phenelzine in combination could cause what?

Serotonin syndrome