Flashcards in Real Buzzwords Deck (43):
Cherry red spot at the macula
Central retinal artery occlusion
"Tear drop" or "blood level in sinus"
Blow out fracture
Failure to adduct, what is this condition and what causes it?
-caused by damage to medial longitudinal fasciculus
Pain on eye movement
-most often caused by MS
What is optic neuritis?
Optic neuritis (ON; see the image below) is a demyelinating inflammation of the optic nerve that often occurs in association with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO).
A gradual recovery of visual acuity with time is characteristic of ON, although permanent residual deficits in color vision and contrast and brightness sensitivity are common.
Curtain coming down
Less <5 mins = amurosis fugax
More than 5 mins = retinal detachment
Flashes and floaters
Bacterial conjunctivitis or sub-tarsal foreign body
Watery and pain and pre-auricular lymph nodes
HTN eye disease
Loss of red reflex, eye red on opthalmoscopy
New vessels and haemorrhage
Pontine issue e.g. pontine lesion
Different sized pupil
Damage to CNIII (or sympathetic chain in Horners)
Down and out dilated
Damage to CNIII
Down and out, not dilated
Scrambled egg/egg yolk appearance of macula
Fluid level behind drum
Otitis media with effusion
Difficulty at school and have to shout loud to hear
Hearing loss OME
Feeling of fullness in the ear
Loss of corneal reflex (+sensorineural hearing loss, vertigo and tinnitus)
Acoustic Neuroma (vesibular schwannoma)
Think NF II
Brusing on the skull behind the ear
Very specific to mastoid process of temporal bone fractures
Pearly whit on otoscopy and foul, cheesy discharge
Drug treatment for ADHD
Methylphenidate or atomexitine
Social interaction & emotional
Language + communication
What is aspergers
Form of autism where there is only a problem with social communication
Statin and which type of juice
Metronidazole and which popular beverage
Warfarin and which type of juice
ACEi and which drug will cause hyperkalaemia?
Do not give spironolactone with this type of drug in case of hyperkalemia
Digoxin toxicity occurs when you give digoxin with which drug?
What is serotenin syndrome and which drugs in combination would cause it?
Serotonin syndrome = hyperthermia, tremor and cardiovascular
Fluoxetine and phenelzine