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Flashcards in Relationships Deck (9)
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1

relationships

The evolutionary explanation for partner preferences; including the relationship between sexual selection and human reproductive behaviour.

2

Cunningham (1986) - what do males find attractive in females?

He symmetrically varied the size of females faces: eyes, nose and mouth.
Men were more attracted to features associated with young children - large eyes, small noses and chin, narrow cheeks, wide smiles and dilated pupils were also found to be attractive

3

Waynforth (1995) - what do females find attractive in males?

Masculine facial features including square jawline, ridged eyebrows, small eyes, thin lips and a symmetrical face were preferred by women.

4

What was found attractive to both?

Young (1998) - symmetry was preferred by both; the overall ‘balance’ look of the face.
Longer-than-average legs were preferred (Pawlowski, 2008) - found that 5% longer-than-average legs were seen as more attractive.

5

Qualities preferred by men

David Buss (1989) — cross-culture study of partner preference.

Men valued physical attractiveness more than women
Men valued women who were younger than themselves

6

Qualities preferred by women

David Buss (1989) — cross-culture study of partner preference

Women valued financial capacity of potential partners.
Women found ambition and industriousness/final success more attractive than men did.

7

differences in reproductive behaviours -- men tend to have more short-term relationships or one-nights than women

Clark and Hatsfield (1989 and 1990) used male and female students who approached total strangers of the opposite sex
1989 - 50% of both sexes agreed to go out that night. None of the women agreed to have sex. 75% of men approached agreed to have sex. 69% of men agreed to go back to the person's house
1990 - modified and assured them of trustworthiness of the stranger. The results where the same
-- also found in lesbians (Buss and Schmitt, 1993)

8

greater number of sexual partners

Buss and Schmitt (1993) asked how many sexual partners people ideally wanted over the next two years, next decade and during their lifetime.
- Men on average wanted 8 partners over the next two years and 18 over a lifetime
- Women on average wanted 1 over the next two years and 4-5 over a lifetime

9

sexual dreams and fantasies

Ellis and Symons (1990) found that men are more likely to have sexual dreams than women especially those involving multiple or anonymous partners and strangers