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RS GCSE AQA 2016 > Religion & Early Life > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion & Early Life Deck (15)
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1

Define abortion.

The deliberate termination of a pregnancy.

2

What is meant by the 'miracle of life'?

This is the idea that life is wonderful or special.

3

What does pro-choice mean?

Pro-choice means in favour of a woman's right to choose an abortion.

4

What does pro-life mean?

Pro-choice means opposed to abortion, in favour of the life of the foetus.

5

What does quality of life mean?

A measure of fulfilment.

6

What is meant by the sanctity of life?

Sanctity of life is the idea that life is sacred because it is God-given.

7

When in the UK is abortion legal?

Into week 24 of the pregnancy.

8

What is the Abortion Act (1967)?

The Abortion Act made abortion legal in this country, under the following conditions:

-2 doctors must agree.

-Mother's health at risk.

-Arrival of another child may affect health & well being of the other children.

-Good chance of child being handicapped.

9

What are some arguments made by people who are pro-choice? (8 points)

-The woman who has to carry the foetus for 9 months and then nurture the baby has the right to end the pregnancy if she wishes.

-Life does not start until birth, so it is not murder.

-The risk of the mother's life outweighs that of the baby.

-The woman's circumstances should be considered e.g: rape.

-A mother who is abandoned by the father might not be able to cope mentally or physically on her own.

-Handicapped children may not enjoy a fulfilled and happy life.

-If there are already several children in the family the financial burden might be too much.

-The world is already overpopulated, so why bring an unwanted child into it.

10

What are some arguments made by people who are pro-life? (8 points)

-Abortion is murder because life starts at conception.

-An abortion might deprive the world of someone who is truly great in some capacity.

-Children are a blessing and should not be destroyed.

-Abortion often results in depression and feelings of guilt.

-If a child is unwanted it could be adopted.

-Abortion is not facing up to responsibilities.

-The government provides financial support so money shouldn't be an excuse.

-Science has proventhe unborn child has feelings and intelligence.

11

Why do evangelical Protestants and most Catholics believe abortion is always wrong?

-Life is holy and only God can decide when life should end.

-Life begins at conception, so abortion is taking life.

-The Ten Commandments say that taking life is wrong.

-Everyone, including a feotus, has a right to life.

12

Why do other Christians such as Methodist and Church of England disagree with abortion, but think there are some circumstances where it is necessary?

-They do not believe that life begins at conception.

-Jesus' command to love your neighbour is the most important command and abortion can be the most loving thing.

-It is the duty of Christians to remove suffering.

-If killing is allowing is a just war, why not in a just abortion?

13

What are Buddhist beliefs about abortion?

Buddhist texts do not mention abortion, however most would not support abortion as it is seen as taking a life. However, Buddhists consider motives very important and can understand that in some circumstances, abortion may be the most compassionate action.

14

Why do Buddhists not support abortion?

-Tibetan Buddhists say that because it is so rare to be reborn in a human form, to end this precious human rebirth is a waste.

-If a person has an abortion for selfish reasons, out of despair or hatred, then it will produce bad karma.

-Life begins at conception, so abortion is killing.

15

Why do Buddhists sometimes allow abortion?

-They believe if the motive is selfless compassion (metta) for others, the taking of a life is balanced by good intention.

-Buddhists do recognise that at times an abortion can lead to less suffering.