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Flashcards in Reproduction Deck (133)
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1

connects cervix to pelvic side wall

cardinal ligament

2

connects the ovaries to the lateral pelvic wall

suspensory ligament

3

connects the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries to the pelvic side wall

broad

4

contains the uterine vessels

cardinal ligament

5

contains the ovarian vessels

suspensory ligament

6

testicular cancer first mets to

peri-aortic lymph nodes

7

what develops from mesonephric ducts

male internal genitalia except prostate

8

male homologue to:
vestibular bulbs
labia minora
bartholin glands
urethral and paraurethral glands (of Skene)

corpus cavernosum and spongiosum
ventral shaft of penis
bulbourethral glands
prostate gland

9

what gene product comes from the SRY gene that underlies male genital development

testis determining factor

10

anchors testes to the scrotum

gubernaculum

11

pulsing schedule of GnRH affects gonadotropin release how

pulsatile: increase release
continuous: decrease/stop release

12

difference btw androgen insensitivity and 5-alpha-reductase deficiency

androgen insensitivity: female genitalia, but genetically male.
5-a-reductase: male genitalia that are hypodeveloped until puberty causes a large increase in testosterone

13

sertoli and leydig cells

LH -> leydig cells -> testosterone
FSH -> sertoli cells -> androgen binding protein (keeps testosterone in testicle)

14

testicular tumor composed of cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts

choriocarcinoma

15

may present initially with gynecomastia in males

leydig cell tumor

16

elavated AFP in males

yolk sac, teratoma

17

elevated BhCG in males

choriocarcinoma, embryonal and teratoma

18

most common testicular cancer

seminoma

19

most common testicular tumor in infants and children up to 3yrs of age

yolk sac

20

most common testicular tumor in men over age 60

testicular lymphoma

21

histologic appearance similar to koilocytes (cytoplasmic clearing)

seminoma

22

histologically may have alveolar or tubular appearance sometimes with papillary convolutions

embryonal carcinoma

23

composed of multiple tissue types

teratoma

24

histologic endodermal sinus structures (Schiller-Duval bodies) in males

yolk sac tumor

25

25% have cytoplasmic rod-shaped crystalloids of Reinke

leydig cell

26

androgen-producing and associated with precocious puberty (test cancer)

leydig cell, may be sertoli

27

what is the major side effect of sildenafil

life threatening hypotension when combined with nitrates

28

balanitis is caused by what bug

candida albicans

29

difference between finasteride and flutamide

finasteride is 5areductase inhibitor (BPH, male pattern baldness)
flutamide inhibits testosterone receptor (treat prostate cancer)

30

most common cancer in men

prostate cancer