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Flashcards in Research methods Deck (13):
1

Describe a lab experiment

Experiment conducted in a controlled environment allowing the establishment of causality

2

Describe a field experiment

Experiment conducted in a naturalistic environment where the researchers manipulate the independent variable

3

Describe a natural experiment

Experiment where the independent variable occurs naturally and is an external event, e.g. a tsunami

4

Describe a quasi-experiment

Where the researcher is unable to freely manipulate the independent variable or randomly allocate the participants to the different conditions because the independent variable is a participant variable, e.g. sex

5

What is participant observation?

Observers become actively involved in the situation being studied to gain a more "hands-on" perspective

6

What is non-participant observation?

Researchers not becoming actively involved in the behaviour being studied

7

What are natural observations?

Surveillance and recording of naturally occurring events

8

Describe interviews

Self-report methods where participants answer questions in face-to-face situations

9

Describe controlled observations

Conducted under laboratory conditions and often involve the researcher setting up a situation for the participants to interact with

10

What are questionnaires?

Self-report method where participants record their own answers to a pre-set list of questions

11

What are correlational studies?

The factors measured in a correlational study to assess their direction and strength or relationship

12

What are co-variables?

The variables investigated in a correlational study. The relationship between them is investigated, not cause and effect

13

What is the difference between experiments and correlations?

Experiments involve variable manipulation