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Psychology - Research methods > Validity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Validity Deck (13):
1

Define internal validity

The extent to which the results of the study are due to the tested variable

2

Define external validity

The extent to which the results of the study can be generalised to other people, settings and across time

3

Define face validity

Does the test seem to be measuring what it is supposed to measure

4

Define concurrent validity

The results correlate with already validated measures

5

Define predictive validity

How well the study predicts future behaviour

6

Define temporal validity

Results are valid if they remain the same over time after retesting

7

How would you increase internal validity?

Controlling extraneous variables and ensuring reliability

8

How would you increase external validity?

Developing realistic tests and using natural settings

9

What is validity?

The extent to which results accurately measure what they are supposed to measure

10

Define ecological validity

The extent to which a study can be generalised to other settings

11

Define population validity

The extent to which a study can be generalised to other groups/people

12

What is the best way to test validity?

Concurrent validity checks - checking the results against other established measures/results

13

Name a study that has high ecological validity

Piliavin: Experiment on New York subway to see who would come forward to help a person who collapsed or was ill