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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (30)
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1

The exchange of gases between the atmosphere, blood and body cells called ----------------

Respiration

2

There three components of Respiration are ;
1.---------2.----------3.-------------

1. atmosphere 2. blood 3. body cells

3

Pulmonary Ventilation is made of 2 components :
1.----------------
2.---------------

1. Inhalation
2. Exhalation

4

The flow of the air into the lungs called ---------------aka----------

Inhalation aka inspiration

5

The flow of the air out of the lungs called ---------------aka----------

Exhalation aka expiration

6

The exchange of gases across the respiratory membrane called ----------

Pulmonary respiration

7

exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells called------------

tissue respiration

8

The metabolic reactions that consume oxygen and release carbon dioxide in the production of ATP called----------

cellular respiration and it is part of the aerobic respiration

9

There 6 structures/divisions to the Respiratory system;

1. nose
2. pharynx
3. larynx
4. trachea
5. bronchi
6. lungs

10

The upper Respirator system is made with of;

1. nose
2. pharynx

11

The lower respiratory system is made of :

1. larnyx
2. trachea
3. Bronchi
4. lungs

12

There are 2 conducting zones in the respiratory system:

1. conducting Zone (1.nose, 2.pharynx, 3.larynx, 4.trachea,
5. bronchi, 6. bronchioles, 7. terminal
bronchioles)
2. respiratory zone (1. respiratory bronchioles, 2.alveolar ducts,
3.alveolar sacs, 4. alveoli)

13

The function of the conducting zone is to :
1.
2.
3.

1. to filter, warm, and moisten the air and to conduct it in the the
lungs.
2. to receive olfactory (smell) stimuli (goes directly to olfactory cortex
not to the thalamus), also the smell goes to other part of the brain
memory smell such as hippocampus
3. sound generation for speech (larnyx; voice box)

14

The branching of the Bronchial Tress starts from :
1. Trachea then

1.Trachea
2. Main bronchi
3. lobar bronchi
4. segmental bronchi
5. bronchioles
6. terminal bronchioles

15

The function of respiratory zone is for ;

gas exchange

16

Alveolar sac is made of individual---------that is very highly ---------

Alveoli
highly vascularized (O2 in, Co2 out)

17

It is the first line of defense when inhaling , houses olfactory receptors, rich blood supplies, and has a sticky mucous traps particulate called -------

the nose

18

---------has ciliated cells move the mucous to the throat (pharynx)where it is swallowed and digeste

the nose

19

A funnel-shaped tube just behind the nasal cavity and above the larynx, functions as a passageway for air and food, as a reasoning chamber for sounds, and as a housing for tonsils called
the --------aka-------

pharnyx aka throat

20

At the inferior end called -------, it opens into the esophagus and larynx called --------aka-------

Laryngopharynx,
called the pharnyx aka throat

21

It is the voice production, routes air and food into their proper channels (trachea vs esophagus) called

Larnyx

22

Inferior to where the pharnyx splits into the trachea and the esophagus called ------------

the larnyx

23

---------protects the top of the larnyx

epiglottis

24

anterior to the esophagus, fairly rigid , C-shaped rigid of hyaline cartilage that reinforce and supports its shape called-------

Trachea

25

lined with mucous membrane to filter particulate called ------------

the trachea

26

Cilia sweep particulate out of the trachea to the throat for -------or ----------

expectoration (elevator of structure)
digestion

27

At the 5th thoracic vertebrae (T5) divides into the right and left primary ---------which travel to the right and left --------

bronchi
lungs

28

An internal ridge where the trachea divides - it is one of the most sensitive areas of the trachea and larynx for triggering a -------------- called -----------

cough reflex
carina (covered with mucous membrane)

29

2 organs separated by the heart and other structures in the mediastinum called --------

the lungs

30

the region in the thoracic cavity between the lungs - it extends from the sternum to the vertebrae and from the 1st rib to the clavicle called

mediastinum