Chapter 4- Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Integumentary System Deck (36)
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1

The structure of the integumentary system is from superficial to Deep, it is made up of 3 layers?

1. Epidermis
2. Dermis
3. Subcutaneous tissue (Ct to help maintain the cutaneous)

2

What are the functions of the Integumentary System ?

1. Protection (barrier, cushioning, monitoring(sensory
nerves),UV)
2. Thermoregulation (constrict through the cold and dilates in the
heat)
3. Blood Reservoir- (8-10% of the blood is in the dermis)
4. Excretion
5. Vitamin Synthesis (helps with Vitamin D Synthesis and Calcium
Absorption)

3

The Epidermis is a ------------layer, ----------------epithelium and ...............?

1. superficial layer
2. stratified squamous epithelium
3. avascular

4

There are 4 epidermal cells ; 1..............2............3...........4...............?

1. Keratinocytes
2. Melanocytes
3. Langerhans Cells
4. Merkel Cells

5

Produce Melanin?

Melanocytes

6

-----------responsible for ---------- ----------- and ----------- ---------- and helping to remove them.

1. Langerhans
2. recognizing , foreign
3. harmful, antigens

7

------involved in the sensation of touch ?

Merkel Cells

8

Majority of the Epidermal Cells are keratinocytes? True or False

True

9

Keratinocytes produce --------?

keratin (cells are keratinized)

10

Keratinocytes deeper cells constantly ----------?

- divide ( as a protection)

11

There 5 layers to the epidermal layer ;
1----------2---------3-----------4 ----------5-----------?

1. Stratum basale
2. Stratum Spinousum
3. Stratum Granulosum
4. Stratum Lucidum
5. Stratum Corneum

12

--------------flat, dead keratinocytes that are shed.

Stratum Corneum

13

---------------flat, dead keratinocytes

Stratum Lucidum

14

-----------cells that are dying

Stratum Granulosum

15

Stratum---------provides ---------and ------------to the skin

-Spinosum
- Strength
- Flexibility

16

Stratum basale aka .........?

Stratum Germinativum

17

Continuous mitosis occurs in the ................ ....................layer ?

Stratum Basale

18

------- ---------is single row of -----------anchored to the basement membrane

-Stratum, Basale
- keratinocytes

19

collagen and elastin is located in the -------

dermis

20

-----------connective tissue layer separating epidermis and the underlying adipose layer.

Dermis

21

The Dermis contains
1. ---------- and nerves
2. ----------; touch receptors
3.------- ------ ------- : Pain, ---------
4. ---------- corpuscles : ----------, ----------
5. -------and -------glands, and -------are also embedded in the---------- and continue through to the -----------

1. blood vessels
2. Meissner corpuscles
3. Free nerve endings: Pain, Temperature
4. Pacinian corpuscles; pressure, vibration
5. Sweat and oil glands, and hair - Dermis-Epidermis

22

Subcutaneous tissue is aka ?

-Hypodermis , Adipose and areolar tissue

23

Subcutaneous tissue serve as ?

1. Shock absorber
2. Insulator (Temp Regulation)

24

Skin Colour Identifiers Part I:
1. Cyanosis :------
2. Yellow:----------
3. Yellow-Orange:-------
4. Red/Pink:-----------

1. Blue
2. Jaundice
3. Carotene
4. Hemoglobin

25

Skin Colour Identifiers Part I:
1. Redness(erythema):-----------
2. Blue/Black-------------
3. Yellow/Green ---------
4. Pale yellow to tan to black --------

1. Inflammatory response
2. New bruising
3. Old bruising
4. melanin

26

Hair is one of the ---------------?

appendages off the skin

27

About Hair Part I:
1. The hair is produced in the ------------
2. The hair is dead, ----------- ------
3. ------------is responsible for hair color
4.-----------glands:----------the hair

1. hair follicle
2. dead, Keratinized cells
3. Melanin
4. Sebaceous , Lubricates

28

About Hair Part II:
1.------- -------- ----------: contract to pull the hair uptight
2. ------ -------, the portion of hair that projects beyond the skin surface.
3. -------- ---------, the part of the hair deep to the shaft that
penetrates into the dermis.
4. ------ ---------, the portion surrounding the root

1. Arrector Pili Muscle
2. Hair Shaft
3. Hair Root
4. Hair Follicle

29

What are the 3 functions of the hair ?

1. Protection ( scalp , eyelashes, filtration)
2. Thermoregulation
3. Sensation

30

There are 3 glands in the integumentary system?

1. Sebaceous (Oil) glands
2. Sudoriferous (Sweat) Glands
3. Ceruminous Glands