Flashcards in Reversed Chapter (1) Deck (53)
The form of balance sheet that resembles the basic format of the accounting equation; with assets on the left side and Liabilities and Stockholder’s Equity sections on the right side.
An information system that provides reports to stakeholders about the economic activities and condition of a business.
A list of the assets; liabilities; and owner’s equity as of a specific date; usually at the close of the last day of a month or a year.
An organization in which basic resources (inputs); such as materials and labor; are assembled and processed to provide goods or services (outputs) to customers.
A concept of accounting that limits the economic data in the accounting system to data related directly to the activities of the business.
business entity concept
An economic event or condition that directly changes an entity’s financial condition or directly affects its results of operations.
The process of transferring temporary accounts balances to permanent accounts at the end of the accounting period.
The stock outstanding when a corporation has issued only one class of stock.
A business organized under state or federal statutes as a separate legal entity.
A concept of accounting that determines the amount initially entered into the accounting records for purchases.
Distribution of a corporation’s earnings to stockholders.
The amount by which revenues exceed expenses.
An integrated business and information system used by companies to plan and control both internal and supply chain operations.
Moral principles that guide the conduct of individuals.
Assets used up or services consumed in the process of generating revenues.
Revenue from providing services.
The branch of accounting that is concerned with recording transactions using generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for a business or other economic unit and with a periodic preparation of various statements from such records.
The authoritative body that has the primary responsibility for developing accounting principles.
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
Financial reports that summarize the effects of events on a business.
Generally accepted guidelines for the preparation of financial statements.
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)
A type of financial accounting report that is distributed to external users. The term “general purpose” refers to the wide range of decision-making needs that the reports are designed to serve.
general-purpose financial statements
A summary of the revenue and expenses for a specific period of time; such as a month or a year.
Money received for interest.
An organization that issues International Financial Reporting Standards for many countries outside the United States.
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)
The rights of creditors that represent debts of the business.
A business form consisting of one or more persons or entities filing an operating agreement with a state to conduct business with limited liability to the owners; yet treated as a partnership for tax purposes.
limited liability company (LLC)
method A method of valuing inventory that reports the inventory at the lower of its cost or current market value (replacement cost).
A type of business that changes basic inputs into products that are sold to individual customers.
The comprehensive budget plan linking all the individual budgets related to sales; cost of goods sold; operating expenses; projects; capital expenditures; and cash.