Review Topnatch 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Review Topnatch 3 Deck (70):
0

Measure of randomness

Entropy

1

Measure of heat released or absorbed during a reaction

Euthalpy

2

Alpha D fructose and beta D fructose

Anomers

3

Galactose and Mannose

Isomers

4

Glucose and mannose

Epimers

5

D galactose and L galactose

Enantiomers

6

Brain, RBC

Glut 1

7

Liver, pancreas, basement membrane, intestin

Glut 2

8

Kidney
Placenta

Glut 3

9

Adipose
Skeletal
Cardiac
Insulin

Glut 4

10

Absorption of fructose in SI by facilitated diffusion

Glut 5

11

Secondary active transportglucose

SGLT 1

12

ETC

Anaerobic glycolysis

13

ATP produced from anerobic glycolysis

2

14

ATP produced from aerobic glycolysis

6-8

15

ATP produced from complete oxidation of glucose

36 or 38

16

ATPs produced fron complete oxidation of palmitate

129

17

Conversion of glucose to 2 molecules of either pyruvate or lactate

Glycolysis

18

Production of glucose from precursors such as lactate, glycerol, glucogenic amino acids, intermdiates of glycolysis and TCA cycle

Gluconeogenesis

19

Synthesis of storage form of cabohydrates from UDP glucose

Glycogenesis

20

Retrieval of glucose from its storage

Glycogenolysis

21

Produce NADPH, ribose 5P, and provides a mechanism for metabolic use of 5C sugars.

Pentose phosphate pathway

22

Final common pathway for the aerobic oxidation of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins

TCA

23

Reduced coenzymes NADH and FADH2 each donate a pair of electrons to a specialized set of electron carriers

ETC

24

Ransport of cytosolic NADH to the inner mitochondrial membrane, present in muscle and brain.

Glycerophosphate shuttle

25

Transport of cytosolic NADH to the inner mitochondrial membrane, present in liver, kidney and heart.

Aspartate shuttle

26

Transport of mitochondrial acetyl-CoA into the cytoplasm to produce a 16-carbon fatty acid.

Citrate shuttle

27

Transport of cytosolic palmitoyl-CoA into the mitochondria fro beta oxidation

Carnitine shuttle

28

RLS of glycolysis

PFK1

29

RLT of gluconeogenesis

Frucose 1 6 bisphosphate

30

RLT of glycogenesis

Glycogen synthase

31

RLT of glycogenolysis

Glycgen phophorylase

32

RLT of hexose monophosphate shunt

G6PD

33

RLT of lipogenesis

ACoA carboxylase

34

RLT of lipolysis

Carnitine palmityl transferase 2

35

RLT of keogenesis

HMG COA synthase

36

RLT of cholesterol synthesis

HMG COA reductase

37

RLT of bile acid synthesis

Cholesterol 7 a-hydroxylase

38

RLT of steroid hormone synthesis

Desmolase

39

RLT of urea cycle

Carbomyl phosphate synthetase 1

40

RLT of heme synthesis

Ala synthase

41

RLT of purine synthesis

Glutamine PRPP amido transferase

42

RLT of pyrimidine

Carbomyl phosphate synthase 2

43

Glycolysis function

Metabolism of glucose

44

Glycolysis location

Cytoplasm, all cells

45

Glycolysis reactants

Glucose

46

Glycolysis end product

Pyruvate
Lactate

47

Glycolysis RLS

PFK 1

48

Glycolysis other products

NADH
H2O

49

Glucokinase location

Liver

50

Glucokinase function

Phosphorylation of glucose and other hexoses

51

Glucokinase Km

Same

52

Glucokinase V max

High

53

Hexokinase location

All cells

54

Hexokinase function

Phohorylation of glucose and other hexoses

55

Hexokinase Km

Low

56

Hexokinase V max

Same

57

Enzyme used in reactions
Acetyl CoA

Pyruvate dehydrogenase

58

Enzyme used in reactions
Lactate

Lactate dehydrogenase

59

Enzyme used in reactions
Oxaloacetate

Pyruvate carboxylase

60

Enzyme used in reactions
Ethanol

Pyruvate decarboxylase

61

Enzyme used in reactions
Alanine

Alanine aminotransferase

62

Citric acid cycle function

Generates NADH and FAH2 for ATP production

63

Citric acid cycle location

Mitochondria

64

Citric acid cycle reactants

Acetyl CoA

65

Citric acid cycle products

CO2, NADH, FADH2

66

Citric acid cycle RLS

Isocitrate dehydrogenase

67

Citrate synthease inhibitors

ARP, NADH, Siccinyl Coa

68

Isocitrate dehydrogenase inhibitors

ATP
NADH

69

Isocitrate dehydrogenase activator

ADP