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Flashcards in Review Topnotch Deck (88):
0

Negative logarithim of hydrogen ion concentration

pH

1

Any substance that resists a change in pH when protons are produced or consumed

Buffer

2

Chemical compound that has a total net charge of zero

Zwitterion

3

pH at which the zwitterion is the predominant form of a chemical comfound

Isoelectric pH

4

Property of water that enables it cleave glycosidic bonds and amide bonds

Nucleophile

5

Property of water that enables it to act as an acid or base

Amphoteric

6

Mkvement of water to a semipermeable membrane

Osmosis

7

Uses carriers

Facilitated diffudion

8

Transport down the concentration agent

Passive transport

9

Uses energy in transport

Active transport

10

Transport an ion along with a molecule

Co transport

11

Bond between two amino acids

Peptide ond

12

Bond between connecting 2 monosacharide forming a disacharide

Glycosidic bond

13

Primary bond of glucosyl residues in glycogen

A (1-4) glycosidic bond

14

Branching bond of glucosyl residues in glycogen

A (1-6) glycosidic ond

15

Bond between nucleotides on DNA strand

Phosphodiester bond

16

Bond between nucleotide base pair

Hydrogen bond

17

Bond between ribose and adenine in adenosine triphosphate

B-N glycosidic bond

18

Between a water molecule and onother polar compound

Hydrogen bond

19

Between two cysteine residues in cystine

Disulfide bond

20

Between glycerol and its fatty acids

Ester bond

21

This equation is used to calculate the concentration of a weak acid and its conjugate base

Henderson- hasselbach equation

22

This equation describes how reaction velocity varies with substrate concentration

Michaels- menton equation

23

This is double reciprocal plot used to calculate Km and Vmax

Lineweaver burk

24

Explain how the free energy generated by the transport of electrons by the ETC is used to produce ATP from ADP+Pi

Mitchell chemiosmutic hypothesis

25

Accepts H+ ions

Base

26

Donates proton

Acid

27

Donates few of its proton

Weak acid

28

Donates almost all of its protons

Strong acid

29

Macromolecules of carbohydrates

Glycogen
Sorbitol
Galactidol

30

Proteins

Collagen
Insulin
Hemolobin
Myoglobin

31

Nucleic acid

cAMP
Inosine monophosphate
OMP
cGMP
ADP, ATP

32

Lipid

Palmitate
Vitamin ADEK

33

State of breaking down complex molecules

Catabolism

34

State of building complex molecules from simpler ones

Anabolism

35

Main currency of enrgy in the body

ATP

36

Loss of electrons

Oxidation

37

Gain of electrons

Reduction

38

Acidic amino acids

Aspartate Asp D
Glutmate Glu E

39

Basic amino acids

Histidine His H
Arginine Arg R
Lysine Lys K

40

Amino acids with smallest side chain

Glycine Gly G

41

Aminomacid with the largest side chain

Typtophan Trp W

42

Amino acids which causes collagen kinks

Proline Pro P

43

Component of hemoglobin and myoglobin which pays a role in O2 binding

Histidine His H

44

Important amino acid that is involve in SAM

Methionine Met M

45

Used to diagnose FA deficiency

Histidine His H

46

Essential amino acids

PVT TIM HALL

Phenylalanine
Valine
Tryptophan
Threonine
Isoleucine
Methionine
Arginine
Lysine
Leucine

47

Aminonacid used in haemolobin synthesis

Glycine Gly G

48

Precursor of niacin

Tryptophan Trp W

49

Precursor of nitric oxide

Arginine Arg R

50

Precursor of melanin

Tyrosine Tyr Y

51

Precursor of serotonin

Trypyophan Trp W

52

Precursor of catecholamines

Tyrosine Tyr Y

53

Precursor of melatonin

Tryptophan

54

Precursor of GABA

Glutamate Glu E

55

Precursor of histamine

Histidine His H

56

Precursor of thyroid hormone

Tyrosine

57

Precursor of tyrosine

Phenylalanine Phe F

58

Precursor of glutathione

Glutamate Glu E

59

Beta pleated sheet

Secondary

60

Globular or fibrous

Tertiary

61

More than one polypeptide is linked together

4th

62

Edmans reagent is used to determine this structure

Primary

63

Domains

Tertiary

64

Hemoglobin most abundant form in adults

Hgb A

65

Used to determine levels of glucose by non enzymatic addition of glucose to haemoglobin

HBA c

66

Oxidation of the heme component of haemoglobin to Iron which cannot bind oxygen

Methemoglobin

67

Form of hemoglobin where CO binds tightly bu reversibly

Carboxyhemoglobin

68

Tetrameter consisting of two alpha and gamma chains

Fetal hemoglobin

69

Gamma- tetramers in the newborns

Hemoglobin barts

70

Basic collagen structure

Gly- X-Y

71

X in Gly

Proline

72

Y in Gly

Hydroxyproline

73

Collagen type

Be so totally cool, read books, fetal

Type 1- bone, skin, tendon
Type 2 - cartilages
Type 3- reticuline
Type 4 - basement membrane
Type 5 - fetal

74

Amount of energy needed for the reaction to go forward

Anergy of activation

75

Increase the speed of the reaction by lowering the energy of activation

Catalyst

76

Protein catalyst

Enzyme

77

Converts one isomers to the other

Isomerase

78

Coverts one epimer to the other

Epimerase

79

Add carboxyl group to a molecule

Carboxylase

80

Catalyze reaction by adding or removing ATP

Kinase

81

Removes H+

Dehydrogenase

82

Enzymes with different AA compositin but catalayzes the same reaction

Isoenzyme

83

Enzyme that requires a cofactor to be active

Holoenzyme

84

Protein part of holoenzyme

Apoenzyme

85

Vitamin or minerals need by an enzyme to be active

Co factor

86

Type of co factor which is permanently complexed with its enzyme

Prothatic group

87

Contains another site different from the active site where an effecor binds

Allosteric enzyme