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Flashcards in Review Topnatch 5 Deck (58):
0

Ketogenesis function

Converts acetyl CoA to ketone bodies

1

Ketogenesis location

Mitos
Liver only

2

Ketogenesis reactants

Acetyl CoA

3

Ketogenesis products

Acetone, acteylacteylCoA,
B- hydoxy butyrate

4

Ketogenesis rate limiting step

HMG coa synthase

Acetoacetyl CoA +Acetyl CoA to hMG CoA

5

Cholesterol function

Formation of cholesterol from acetly CoA

6

Cholesterol location

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, all cells

7

Cholesterol reactants

Acetyl coa

8

Cholesterol products

Lanosterol then cholesterol

9

Cholesterol RLS

HMG CoA- mevalonate via

HMG CoA reductase

10

Insulin activated

Fat
Glycolysis
Lipogenesis
Protein synthesis

11

Glucagon activated

Hot
Gluconeogenesis
Lipogenesis
Proteolysis

12

Oppose the actions of insulin

Glucagon
Cortisol
Epinephrine
GH

13

What enzyme converts ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides

Ribonucleotide reductase

14

Enzyme convert AMP to ADP

Monophosphate kinase

15

Purine synthesis function

Synthesis of A and G

16

Purine synthesis location

Cyoplasm
All tissues

17

Purine synthesis reactants

Aspartate, glutamine, glycine, CO2, tetrahdrofolate

18

Purine synthesis products

Inosine

19

Purine synthesis rate limiting step

PRPP glutamyl amidotansferase

20

Pyrimidine syntheis function

Syntheis of U and C

21

Pyrimidine syntheis location

Cytoplasm, all tissue

22

Pyrimidine syntheis reactants

Apartate, glutamine, CO2

23

Pyrimidine syntheis products

Crotidine- parent of pyrimidine

24

Pyrimidine syntheis RLS

Carbomyl phosphate synthase 2

25

Base of DNA

A=T
C=G

26

Bases of RNA

A= U
C= G

27

Susceptible to hydrosis

RNA

28

DNA to RNA

Transcription

29

RNA to protein

Translation

30

DNA to DNA

Replication

31

RNA to DNA

Reverse transcription

32

Pribnow box

Transcription
Prokaryotic

33

Hogness box

Transcription eukaryotic

34

Shine dalgarno sequence

Translation

35

Lac operon

Transcription

36

Expression

Protein prduction
Segment of DNA
Interphase
Nucleus
Protein

37

Replication

DNA syntheis
Entire length
S phase
Nucleus
DNA copy

38

Unwind double helix

Helicase 5-3

39

Remove supercoils

Topoisomerase

40

Identifies origin of replication

DNA and protein

41

Synthesis of RNA primer

Primase

42

Maintains the separation of the parental strands

SS DNA bining proteins

43

Elongation of leading strand

DNA polymerase III

44

Excision of primers

DNA polymerase

45

Seals the nick between okazaki fragments

Ligase

46

Largest, poly tail

mRNA

47

Tiny
Presence of unusual bases

tRNA

48

Most abundant site of protein synthess

rRNA

49

mRNA processing and gene regulation

sRNA

50

Present in all population

Autosomal dominant

51

Father to daughter

X linked dominant

52

Mother - son

X linked recessive

53

Empty RNA

E site

54

Growing peptide chain

P site

55

Incoming aminoacyl tRNA

A site

56

Stop codons

UAG, UAA, UGA

57

Methionine codon

AUG