Flashcards in Rhôn't You Be My Lover? Deck (66):
What is Rancio?
deliberately oxidative style of wine that is left out in open barrels.
Produced in Rasteau AOP
4 major producers of Hermitage?
JL Chave (singular)
Who is Baron de Roy?
Baron of CdP who created wine laws for protection against fraud, eventually became basis for AOC system
What is climate, aspect, and soil type of Northern Rhône?
Continental (Le Mistral influence)
Granite+shist in Côte-Rôtie, Condrieu, Hermitage
Clay in St. Joe, Crozes
What is co-fermentation? Why is it used in Rhône?
fermenting whites and reds together, which allows for stable color extraction and tannin levels
What is Le Mistral?
Heavy Mediterranean winds that can damage vines but also protect against rot and mold
Which crus of S. Rhône used to be a part of CdR-Villages? When did each gain AOP status?
Which crus of S. Rhône require min 50% Grenache?
What is min alc. content from CdP?
Lirac AOP creates what styles of wine?
Grenache dom. R, W, R
What type of wine is Rasteau?
VdN and dry reds from Grenache Noir/Gris/Blanc
What is unique about each of these CdP producers?
-Ch. La Nerthe
-Ch. de Beaucastel
-First estate bottled
-Generally uses all 18 authorized varieties in cepage
-Generally 100% Grenache
Is Rosé allowed in CdP? Chapitalization?
Not up in my New Castle of the Pope!
What is traditional CdP aged in?
What style of wine is Muscat de Beames-de-Venise?
VdN from Muscat Blanc/Rouge à petit grains
Where are Ogier, Rostaing, Jamet?
The Roasted Slope (Côte-Rôtie)
Which 3 AOPs of Rhône make sparkling wine?
Crémant de Die
Clairette de Die
Traditional vessel for aging N. Rhône Syrah?
What does the papal embossed crest mean on a bottle of CdP?
What are 2 maine areas of Côte-Rôtie?
What do "Blanc" and "Grenat" refer to in Rasteau AOP?
fresher "white" and "red" respectively styles of VdN produced in the AOP
When did Cairanne gain AOP status?
Where is Clairete de Bellegarde? What style of wine?
-single commune AOP in Costieres-de-Nîmes
-whites from Clairette
What are soil types of:
What is Taille en Archet?
Vine training technique used to protect against Le MIstral winds (tying vine to wooden cordon)
Who originally colonized Rhône? Where and When?
Who followed? When? What contribution?
Greeks in 600 BCE around modern day Marseille
Romans followed in 125 BCE, built terraces of N. Rhône
What is Vin de Paille?
Rare dessert wine made fro dried (min 45 days) Marsanne+Roussane. Found in Hermitage
2 famous popes of CdP? Why?
Clement V (Moved papacy to Avignon)
John XXII (built estate of CdP and surrounding vineyards)
What is Arzelle?
powdery mica soil of Condrieu AOP?
Name some notable producers of Condrieu?
Georges Vernay Yves Cuilleron, André Perret, Clusel-Roche, Mathilde and Yves Gangloff
3 "la la" crus of Côte-Rôtie?
What 4 AOPs are on the Drôme River?
Coteaux de Die
Crémant de Die
Clairette de Die
How many villages may append their name to CdR-Villages? Name at least 6
Beaumes-de-Venise (pre 2005)
Cairanne (pre 2016)
Rousset les Vignes
Pantalean les Vignes
Vinsobres (pre 2006)
What are the 4 communal AOPs of Lirac?
4 lieux-dits of Cornas?
What are grapes of CdP? How many?
Name some important climats of Hermitage?
What is Le râpe?
AOP regulation that status min 2% of CdP crop must be declassified or discarded
When did Gigondas gain AOP status?
What is the min alc. content for Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Beaumes-de-Venise, and Cairanne?
What labelling terminology is used in Rasteau to refer to wines showing oxidative character and undergo 3yrs of aging?
what was the former name for Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP? When did it change and why?
Côtes du Tricastin
attempted to deassociate w/ Tricastin nuclear power plant
Where is Coteaux de Pierrevert?
What style of wine?
When did it achieve AOP status?
Still R+W from range of Rhône varieties
Who is best known producers of Cornas?
What was 1st region of France to be struck by Phylloxera? Through which AOP?
What is a demi-muid?
large traditional neutral oak barrel (600L) used in Rhône
Who is Hermitage named after?
Chevalier Gaspard de Sterimberg (famous crusader turned hermit)
What 2 styles of wine are produced in Clairette de Die?
Méthode Traditionelle=100% clairette, max 15 g/L RS
Méthode Dioise Ancestrale=min 75% Muscat à Petit Grains, min 35 g/L RS
What styles of wine in Châtillon-en-Dios?
what are the 3 communes eligible for Rasteau AOP in VdN style?
In dry/red/unfortified style?
Rasteau, Cairanne, Sablet for VdN
Just Rasteau for table
What is the smallest Red wine AOP in N. Rhône? How many ha?
Who produces "La Chapelle"
Where where does it take it's name?
Which climat is it located in?
The chapel in Hermitage dedicated to Gaspard de Sterimberg
What are the VdN AOPs of S. Rhône?
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise AOP
What is Tavel?
Dry full bodied rosé from S. Rhône. AOP is solely rosé
What does Côte-Rôtie mean?
Other names for N+S Rhône?
CdP originally called?
What is monopole of Condrieu?
Style of wine?
Ch. Grillet AOP
Dry whites from 100% Viognier
What are galets?
large quartzite "pudding stones" found most famously in CdP
Name AOPs of N. Rhône N-S
Crozes-Hermitage (R Bank)
Hermitage (R Bank)
Clairette de Die
Grape composition of Côte-Rôtie?
80% Syrah+20% Viognier (red wine only)
What is AOP cépage reg for St. Joseph?
R=90% Syrah+10% Mars/Rous
What are AOP cépage reg. for Crozes-Hermitage/Hermitage
R=85% Syrah+15% Mars/Rous
What are AOP cépage reg. for Cornas?
Reds only, 100% Syrah
What are AOP cépage reg. for St.-Peray?
Still or sparkling whites only from Mars/Rous