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Flashcards in Rhôn't You Be My Lover? Deck (67):
1

What is Rancio?

deliberately oxidative style of wine that is left out in open barrels.

Produced in Rasteau AOP

2

4 major producers of Hermitage?

JL Chave (singular)
*Delas
*M. Chapoutier
*Jaboulet

*negociants

3

Who is Baron de Roy?

Baron of CdP who created wine laws for protection against fraud, eventually became basis for AOC system

4

What is climate, aspect, and soil type of Northern Rhône?

Continental (Le Mistral influence)
steep slopes
Granite+shist in Côte-Rôtie, Condrieu, Hermitage
Clay in St. Joe, Crozes

5

What is co-fermentation? Why is it used in Rhône?

fermenting whites and reds together, which allows for stable color extraction and tannin levels

6

What is Le Mistral?

Heavy Mediterranean winds that can damage vines but also protect against rot and mold

7

Which crus of S. Rhône used to be a part of CdR-Villages? When did each gain AOP status?

Gigondas (1971)
Vacqueyras (1990)
Beaumes-de-Venise (2005)
Vinsobres (2006)
Cairanne (2016)

8

Which crus of S. Rhône require min 50% Grenache?

Gigondas
Vacqueyras
Vinsobres
Beames-de-Venise

9

What is min alc. content from CdP?

12.5%

10

Lirac AOP creates what styles of wine?

Grenache dom. R, W, R

11

What type of wine is Rasteau?

VdN and dry reds from Grenache Noir/Gris/Blanc

12

What is unique about each of these CdP producers?
-Ch. La Nerthe
-Ch. de Beaucastel
-Ch. Rayas

-First estate bottled
-Generally uses all 18 authorized varieties in cepage
-Generally 100% Grenache

13

Is Rosé allowed in CdP? Chapitalization?

Not up in my New Castle of the Pope!

14

What is traditional CdP aged in?

Oak Foudres

15

What style of wine is Muscat de Beames-de-Venise?

VdN from Muscat Blanc/Rouge à petit grains

16

Where are Ogier, Rostaing, Jamet?

The Roasted Slope (Côte-Rôtie)

17

Which 3 AOPs of Rhône make sparkling wine?

Crémant de Die
Clairette de Die
St. Peray

18

Traditional vessel for aging N. Rhône Syrah?

oak foudre

19

What does the papal embossed crest mean on a bottle of CdP?

Estate Bottled

20

What are 2 maine areas of Côte-Rôtie?

Côte Brune
Côte Blonde

21

What do "Blanc" and "Grenat" refer to in Rasteau AOP?

fresher "white" and "red" respectively styles of VdN produced in the AOP

22

When did Cairanne gain AOP status?

2016

23

Where is Clairete de Bellegarde? What style of wine?

-single commune AOP in Costieres-de-Nîmes
-whites from Clairette

24

What are soil types of:
-Gigondas?
-CdP?

Gig=Alluvial clays
CdP=Galets

25

What is Taille en Archet?

Vine training technique used to protect against Le MIstral winds (tying vine to wooden cordon)

26

Who originally colonized Rhône? Where and When?
Who followed? When? What contribution?

Greeks in 600 BCE around modern day Marseille
Romans followed in 125 BCE, built terraces of N. Rhône

27

What is Vin de Paille?

Rare dessert wine made fro dried (min 45 days) Marsanne+Roussane. Found in Hermitage

28

2 famous popes of CdP? Why?

Clement V (Moved papacy to Avignon)
John XXII (built estate of CdP and surrounding vineyards)

29

What is Arzelle?

powdery mica soil of Condrieu AOP?

30

Name some notable producers of Condrieu?

Georges Vernay, Yves Cuilleron, André Perret, Clusel-Roche, Mathilde and Yves Gangloff, Neyret-Gachet

31

3 "la la" crus of Côte-Rôtie?

La Ladone
La Mouline
La Turque

32

What 4 AOPs are on the Drôme River?

Coteaux de Die
Crémant de Die
Clairette de Die
Châtillon-en-Dios

33

How many villages may append their name to CdR-Villages? Name at least 6

20
Beaumes-de-Venise (pre 2005)
Cairanne (pre 2016)
Chusclan
Loudan
Rasteau
Roaix
Rochegue
Rousset les Vignes
Sablet
St. Gervais
St. Maurice
Pantalean les Vignes
Seguret
Calreas
Vinsobres (pre 2006)
Visan

34

What are the 4 communal AOPs of Lirac?

Lirac
Roquemaure
St-Geniès-de-Camolas
St-Laurent-des-Arbés

35

4 lieux-dits of Cornas?

Les Reynaurds
La Côte
Les Chaillot
Les Mazards

36

What are grapes of CdP? How many?

18
Grenache
Syrah
Mourvèdre
Cinsault
Counoise
Picpoul Noir/Gris/Blanc
Teret Noir
Bourboulenc
Clairette Blanc/Rosé
Roussane
Vacarése
Picardin
Muscardin

37

Name some important climats of Hermitage?

Le Méal
Les Bessards
Gréffieux
Beaume
Péléat

38

What is Le râpe?

AOP regulation that status min 2% of CdP crop must be declassified or discarded

39

When did Gigondas gain AOP status?
Vacqueyras?

Gig=1971
Vacq=1990

40

What is the min alc. content for Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Beaumes-de-Venise, and Cairanne?

12.5%

41

What labelling terminology is used in Rasteau to refer to wines showing oxidative character and undergo 3yrs of aging?

Ambré (amber)
Tuilè (tawny)

42

what was the former name for Grignan-les-Adhémar AOP? When did it change and why?

Côtes du Tricastin
2010
attempted to deassociate w/ Tricastin nuclear power plant

43

Where is Coteaux de Pierrevert?
What style of wine?
When did it achieve AOP status?

S. Rhône
Still R+W from range of Rhône varieties
1998

44

Who is best known producers of Cornas?

Auguste Clape

45

What was 1st region of France to be struck by Phylloxera? Through which AOP?

S. Rhône
Lirac AOP

46

What is a demi-muid?

large traditional neutral oak barrel (600L) used in Rhône

47

Who is Hermitage named after?

Chevalier Gaspard de Sterimberg (famous crusader turned hermit)

48

What 2 styles of wine are produced in Clairette de Die?

Méthode Traditionelle=100% clairette, max 15 g/L RS
Méthode Dioise Ancestrale=min 75% Muscat à Petit Grains, min 35 g/L RS

49

What styles of wine in Châtillon-en-Dios?

R+R=Gamay
W=Aligoté+Chard

50

what are the 3 communes eligible for Rasteau AOP in VdN style?
In dry/red/unfortified style?

Rasteau, Cairanne, Sablet for VdN
Just Rasteau for table

51

What is the smallest Red wine AOP in N. Rhône? How many ha?

Cornas (100ha)

52

Who produces "La Chapelle"
Where where does it take it's name?
Which climat is it located in?

Paul Jabolet
The chapel in Hermitage dedicated to Gaspard de Sterimberg
l'Hermite climat

53

What are the VdN AOPs of S. Rhône?

Rasteau AOP
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise AOP

54

What is Tavel?

Dry full bodied rosé from S. Rhône. AOP is solely rosé

55

What does Côte-Rôtie mean?

roasted slope

56

Other names for N+S Rhône?

N=Septentrionale
S=Méridionale

57

CdP originally called?

Vin d'Avignon

58

What is monopole of Condrieu?
Style of wine?

Ch. Grillet AOP
Dry whites from 100% Viognier

59

What are galets?

large quartzite "pudding stones" found most famously in CdP

60

Name AOPs of N. Rhône N-S

Côte-Rôtie
Condrieu
Ch. Grillet
St. Joseph
Crozes-Hermitage (R Bank)
Hermitage (R Bank)
Cornas
St. Péray
Clairette de Die
Châtillon-en-Dios

61

Grape composition of Côte-Rôtie?

80% Syrah+20% Viognier (red wine only)

62

What is AOP cépage reg for St. Joseph?

R=90% Syrah+10% Mars/Rous
W=Mars/Rous blends

63

What are AOP cépage reg. for Crozes-Hermitage/Hermitage

R=85% Syrah+15% Mars/Rous
W=Mars/Rous blends

64

What are AOP cépage reg. for Cornas?

Reds only, 100% Syrah

65

What are AOP cépage reg. for St.-Peray?

Still or sparkling whites only from Mars/Rous

66

Who makes Cuvées des Cadettes?

La Nerthe

67

Where does the Rhône Valley begin? What region?

Switzerland
Valais