Rhythms Of The World - Indian music Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rhythms Of The World - Indian music Deck (22)
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1

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of tala

A repeated rhythm which includes accents and silent beats

2

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of tabla

A pair of drums used to play the tala. It sets the tempo and controls its changing. Can produce a variety of timbres and the rhythm can become very complex as the music progresses

3

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of raga

A scale pattern which forms the basis for melodic ideas. Each raga is intended for a specific time of day or season

4

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of sitar

A large string instrument which plays the raga and develops the melodic shapes, can give a drone effect

5

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of pitch bend

Where players often bend the strings while playing

6

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of improvisation

Ideas that aren’t prepared and are extended and developed during a performance on a specific raga

7

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of call and response

Communication between the players and is an important feature of classical Indian music.

8

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of ornamentation

Melodic ideas that are frequently decorated

9

In Indian classical music, state the meaning of a drone

A sustained note usually in the base

10

In Indian classical music, how is the drone created?

-sympathetic strings on a sitar
-sarod (similar to sitar but has deeper tone quality)
-bansuri (flute type instrument)
-sarangi ( a violin type instrument)

11

What did traditional punjabi Bhangra originate from?

Originated as dance music to celebrate the harvest

12

What is the nature of punjabi Bhangra?

Lively and cheerful in nature

13

Give three musical features of punjabi Bhangra

Voices, ornamentation and chaal

14

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra, state the meaning of chaal

The characteristic traditional Bhangra rhythm pattern

15

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra, state the meaning of dhol

A double headed drum struck at each end with beaters used to play the chaal.

16

When are the accented notes on a dhol played?

Beats 1,6 and 7 and occur when both ends of the drum are struck together

17

How are voices used in traditional Punjabi Bhangra?

Usually male as a solo with a backing chorus often using a call and response technique in punjabi language

18

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra what do the vocal lines follow?

The Chaal and a backing singer may shout ‘hoi’

19

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra, what instruments are used?

Traditional Indian instruments like sitar and tabla

20

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra, what makes the harmonium?

A small reed organ to play melodic ideas

21

In traditional Punjabi Bhangra, how is ornamentation used?

Used frequently to decorate melodic ideas and in vocal parts where there are often slides and microtonal intervals

22

Name three effects in music

Looping, reverb and echo