Elements Of Music - Part Two Flashcards Preview

Music Listening GCSE > Elements Of Music - Part Two > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elements Of Music - Part Two Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the relative minor of D major?
What is the key signature?

B minor
F sharp and C sharp

2

What is the relative minor of A major?
What is the key signature?

F sharp minor
F sharp, C sharp and G sharp

3

What is the relative minor of E major?
What is the key signature?

C sharp minor
F sharp, C sharp, G sharp, D sharp

4

What is the relative major of B flat major?
What is the key signature?

G minor
B flat and E flat

5

What is the relative minor of E flat major?
What is the key signature?

C minor
B flat and E flat and A flat

6

What is the relative major of A flat major?
What is the key signature?

F minor
B flat and E flat, A flat and D flat

7

What are the various techniques and devices used within melodies?

▪️Balanced phrases - where all phrases are 2, 4 or 8 bars long
▪️q and a phrases - two balanced phrases that compliment each other
▪️repetition
▪️sequence - a short pattern of notes immediately repeated at a different pitch
▪️imitation
▪️countermelody - another melody played at the same time as the main melody

8

What are the simple time signatures?

2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 3/8, 2,2

9

What are the compound time signatures?

6/8, 5/8, 7/8, 8/8

10

What key type does most western music have?

A home or tonic key

11

What modulations are there?

To the Dominant, to the subdominant, to the relative major and to the relative minor

12

What are the different types of ornament?

▪️trill -where two adjacent notes alternate really quickly
▪️mordent -where there is just one quick alternation of notes that are adjacent (a mini trill)
▪️acciaccatura -a crushed note where a note is played really quickly before the next note
▪️turn -notes that literally turn around the main note really quickly

13

What are the different range of voice?

▪️Soprano-high female
▪️alto-low female
▪️tenor-high male
▪️bass-low male

14

Name 6 rhythmic features

Syncopation, dotted rhythms, cross rhythms, anacrusis, ostinato and triplets

15

What is syncopation?

Where the music plays against the beat rather than on the beat

16

What is dotted rhythms?

Where the rhythms are uneven creating a ‘long-short’ feel

17

What are cross rhythms?

Where two or more contrasting rhythms are played at the same time

18

What is anacrusis?

An upbeat where 1 or more notes occur before the 1st beat of a bar

19

What is an ostinato?

A pattern repeated over and over again

20

What are triplets?

Where a crotchet beat is split into three

21

Give the name of larger structures in music

▪️Concert- one solo instrument with an orchestra
▪️concerto grosso -two or more solo instruments accompanied by an orchestra
▪️symphony -orchestra only
▪️sonata- a piece for a solo instrument accompanied by a keyboard

22

What are large structures?

Compositions with three or four movements

23

Give the smaller structures in music

▪️binary- two sections AB
▪️ternary- 3 sections ABA
▪️rondo - 5 or more sections ABACA or ABACADA
▪️verse chorus structure - similar verses with a contrasting chorus

24

What is moderato

At a moderate speed

25

What is vivace?

Fast and lively

26

What is presto?

Very fast

27

What is rubato?

Flexible tempo

28

What is it when a music piece is ‘free’

There is no obvious tempo or pulse

29

What is the basic form of texture?

Thick or thin

30

What is monophonic?

A single line texture that maybe accompanied by a melody