Music Of Central And South America Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Music Of Central And South America Deck (22)
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1

Name some instruments that early calypso songs could have been accompanied by

A banjo, guitar, maracas or a mouth organ

2

Characteristic rhythmic features of calypso include...

Regular 4.4 metre
Syncopation (off beat rhythms that give the music its lively often humorous character)

3

What rhythmic features sometimes occur in calypso?

Polyrhythms and cross rhythms

4

Other calypso music features include:

Major key
Melody and accompaniment texture
Repeated melodic ideas
Ornamentation
Ostinato

5

What part of steel bands play the melody?

Tenor or ping pong bands

6

What part of steel bands play the middle range notes?

Guitar or cello pans

7

What parts of the steel bands play the lowest notes?

Bass pans

8

How are the notes of steel bands played?

With rubber tipped wooden beaters and are often struck several times to create a roll or tremolo effect

9

What does the leader of a samba band play?

The repinique drums

10

Why does the leader of samba band give signals?

To set tempo, indicate when players should join in or drop out, and indicate changes like new rhythm and new section of music

11

How are changes In the music of a samba band indicated?

Hand signals or use of the whistle

12

Give another name for the samba band

Bateria which means percussion ensemble

13

What was the bateria developed from?

Brazilian carnivals of the early 20th century

14

Give some instruments frequently used in the bateria

Repinique, surdo, snare drums, shakers, agogo bells, tamborimes and claves

15

What is the repinique?

A Tom Tom drum, producing a high, strong and penetrating sound making a suitable lead

16

What are surdos?

Large deep resonating drums used for rhythmic pulse

17

What are tamborims?

Small drums played with wood or nylon beaters

18

What are claves?

A wooden resonating instrument quite high in pitch, sound similar to rain drops

19

Give five characteristic rhythmic features of samba

Syncopation, regular 2.4 or 3.4 metres, cross, rhythms, sudden stops and call and response

20

As a rhythmic feature of samba, state the meaning of batacuda

A style of samba that’s fast and repetitive

21

As a rhythmic feature of samba, state the meaning of polyrhythms

Where each instrument has a different rhythmic idea

22

As a rhythmic feature of samba, state the meaning of cross rhythms

An effect created when different rhythm patterns are played at the same time