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Flashcards in The Romantic Period Deck (21)
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1

How did concertos change in the romantic period?

They became much more dramatic and emotional

2

How Does interaction between instruments change in the romantic period?

The interaction between solo instrument and orchestra became more complex and interesting

3

What happened in orchestra in terms of solos?

The solo instrument was being demanded much more

4

What did the improvements in the making of instruments prompt?

The composers could write much more challenging music

5

How did tone quality change?

It became stronger

6

How did string instruments change?

They got a wider pitch and dynamic range

7

How did woodwind instruments change?

They improved key work making dexterity more possible

8

How did trumpets and horns change?

They had more valves allowing more complex melodies to be played including chromatic scales which used to be hard previously

9

What effects did the piano’s wider range of pitch and dynamics have?

-the solo line had very good technical skills while there were passages with great beauty and emotion
-cadenzas became written by the composer and became harder to play

10

Name new instruments in the orchestra that were widely used in orchestra accompaniment

Piccolo, cor anglais, trombone and tuba

11

What was the string section like in orchestras?

It became larger to balance the new forces of woodwind and brass

12

How was percussion used in orchestras?

More were available and were used more widely like cymbals, side drum, bass drum, triangle

13

How was percussion used before the romantic era?

Used sparingly with only the timpani being available and still not very common

14

What was usually used for the melody?

Horns and cellos

15

What was the contrast like between orchestra and soloists?

Extreme

16

How did melodies change?

They became longer and more complex along with rhythms

17

Where did there become considerable variety and contrast?

In dynamics, texture, pitch, range and tempo

18

How was variety and contrast shown?

In movements and in use of rubato becoming common giving a new sense of flexibility to music

19

How did harmonies become more complex?

Chromatic harmony was being used and chords that created dissonance and then resolved were being used to create tension within the music

20

Name some concerto composers from the romantic period

-Late Beethoven
-Brahms
-Rachmaninov
-Dvorak
-Mendelssohn

21

Where were romantic concertos performed?

Large concert halls or large churches due to the big orchestra