Elements Of Music - Part one Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Elements Of Music - Part one Deck (38)
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1

State the meaning of articulation

How notes are performed, smooth, short or accented

2

State the meaning of cadence

A two - chord progression that ends a phrase or section

3

State the meaning of a chord

Two or more notes played together

4

State the meaning of composer

The writer of the music

5

State the meaning of dynamics

How loud or soft the music is

6

State the meaning of harmony

A progression of chords often to accompany a melody

7

State the meaning of interval

The distance between two notes

8

State the meaning of metre

A pattern of beats often indicated by the time signature

9

State the meaning of modulation

How music moves from one key scale to another

10

State the meaning of ornament

A musical decoration

11

State the meaning of pitch

How high or low the music is

12

State the meaning of range

The interval between the highest and lowest notes of a melody, piece or section

13

State the meaning of rhythm

The combination of different lengths of notes

14

State the meaning of structure

How the music is organised into sections

15

State the meaning of tempo

How fast or slow the music is

16

State the meaning of texture

How various parts are combined and layered together to create a musical effect

17

State the meaning of timbre

The tone quality or specific sound that an instrument or combination of instruments make

18

State the meaning of tonality

The links to keys, chords and harmony and refers to whether music in major, minor, chromatic or without a clear key

19

How can articulation be described?

-legato
-staccato
-accent

20

How do woodwind or brass players create articulation?

By slurring notes to make them sound legato or tonging notes to make them sound only slightly or distinctly staccato

21

How can string players use articulation?

By using bows to play legato, playing without the bow and plucking the strings in pizzicato and move the bow very quickly back and forth to create the tremolo effect

22

What is arco?

Where string players use the bow

23

What is pizzicato?

Where strong players pluck the string with their fingers

24

What is tremolo?

When string players move the bow back and forth very quickly on one note

25

How can vocalists create articulation?

Where they apply a technique called melisma to create a smooth effect whilst singing opposite to syllabic where each syllable has a separate note

26

Give the four cadences and their chords

◾️Perfect cadence : chord V - chord I
◾️plagal cadence : chord IV -chord I
◾️imperfect cadence : chord I, II or IV - chord V
◾️interrupted cadence : chord V - Chord VI

27

how does a perfect cadence make the music sound?

Complete, used to end the section or complete a piece

28

How does is a plagal cadence used?

Often at the end of church music or hymns and makes the music sound complete

29

What does an imperfect cadence sound like?

Incomplete and often occurs halfway through the phrase

30

Describe an interrupted cadence

It sounds unexpected and comes as a surprise to the listener (as they would expect to hear chord I after chord V but instead hear chord IV).